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CAP measures applicable to the wine sector

State of Play:

Evaluation –Finalised: SWD(2020) 232, 20.10.2020

On 20 October 2020 the Commission published the evaluation of the measures of the common agricultural policy (CAP) applicable to the wine sector.

The most recent wine policy reform in 2013 aimed to make EU wine producers even more competitive, while preserving the best traditions of European wine growing and boosting its social and environmental role in rural areas. The overall goal was to harmonise, streamline and simplify the relevant legislation, leading to the replacement of the planting rights regime in 2015 by an authorisation scheme for vine planting between 2016 and 2030. This enabled competitive producers to increase production within certain limits, as part of a transition towards liberalisation of vine planting.

The evaluation shows that the EU’s wine policy played a key role in this transition, starting with the abolition of support for drinkable alcohol distillation, crisis distillation and enrichment by use of concentrated must (i.e. the juice, skin, seeds and stem of the grapes in concentrated form).

Among other findings, the evaluation found that the EU framework was a key instrument in creating a level playing field among Member States. In some Member States, the EU framework also introduced a strategic approach and long-term planning in the management of the sector, which was also facilitated by the consistency of the measures and the budgets over time. However, such a strategic approach was difficult to implement in some Member States.

While a quantification of savings and benefits was not carried out, an inventory was elaborated of inefficiencies and of efficiencies of the wine policy, in particular the management of the National Support Programmes.