1. Legal Gazette
Journal officiel de la République française
Official Journal of the French Republic
Direction de l’information légale et administrative
Directorate of legal and administrative information
26 rue Desaix
75015 Paris Cedex 15 — France
Tel. +33 140587500
Fax +33 145791784
|Official journal / legal gazette
||In France there is a single publication containing legislation as well as legal notices and other official texts; see point 1.2 for details
Bulletin des lois de la République française (Bulletin of laws of the French Republic) — January 1794
Journal officiel de la République française — 5 September 1870
First mention of the title Journal officiel de la République française
|First online edition
||1981 — Minitel, 3615 JOEL 14 July 1997
February 1998 — Legifrance 1
September 2002 — Legifrance 2
Janvier 2008 – Legifrance 3
Octobre 2019 – Legifrance 4 (bêta)
September 2020 – Opening of the modernized Legifrance
||The last paper edition was publish the 31 December 2015
||http://www.legifrance.gouv.fr Available texts PDF from 1869 and HTML from 1990
Access and price
Since From 1 June 2004
1.2. Details on the legal gazette in general
The "Journal officiel de la République française" (French Official gazette) contains laws, decrees, orders, regulatory acts related to administrative organisation, public agents, the state budget, acts of independent public authorities, circulars acts and nominal measures listed according to the ministries responsible, as well as collective agreements, parliamentary information, opinions and communications, information and various announcements (such as lists of reference exchange rates), judicial and legal announcements, concessions or requests for name changes.
Since 2016 the Official Journal has been published in its digital version only. This electronic publication requires that acts related to the status and nationality of persons and requests for name changes be protected from search engines with tools such as a captcha
The legal basis for publishing legislation in France is the Constitution. In conformity with Law No 2015-1713 of 22 December 2015 on dematerialization of the Official Journal of the French Republic, the publication of the Official Journal is ensured by electronic dissemination only
||The DILA budget
- Bulletin officiel des annonces des marchés publics (BOAMP): the Official Bulletin of Publication of Public Procurement Notices, publishing the official announcements for public markets
- Bulletin des annonces légales obligatoires (BALO): Bulletin of obligatory legal announcement, publishing the announcements for associations/ companies publicly calling for savings (online only)
- Bulletin officiel des annonces civiles et commerciales (BODACC): the Official Bulletin of Civil and Commercial Notices, publishing companies’ legal announcements
- Journal officiel — Associations et fondations d’entreprise: the Official Journal publishing the notices regarding associations and fondation
- Les débats de l’Assemblée nationale: parliamentary debates
- Les débats du Sénat: Senate (high Assembly in France) debates
- Les questions écrites de l’Assemblée nationale : parliamentary Q&A
- Les questions écrites du Sénat : Senate (high assembly in France) Q&A
1.3. Details on the online edition
See also point 1.1
||Download - Hyperlinks to other related acts - Document notification system available
||HTML - PDF - XML (from open data)
||Authentic Official Gazette on website Legifrance. In order to ensure this authenticity, two types of electronic signature are used: in most cases XAdES with a high level of authentication, as a non-intrusive signature, and PDF (PKCS7) as an intrusive signature. Furthermore, a secure server with a certificate and a time stamp is used with the software nCipher Appliance. A Crypto Box is used to secure the private keys for the publication signature.
||The DILA is responsible for keeping the official gazette online with no limit in time.
1.4. Details on the publishing institution
Direction de l’Information légale et administrative” (DILA)
For contact details, please refer to point 1.1
|Form and nature
||The "Direction de l’Information légale et administrative" (DILA)is a government office working under the authority of the Secretary-General of the Government (Prime Minister’s Office).
- Pre-press: no
- Printing: no
- Dissemination/distribution: no
The printing is now longer use for the official gazette but only use for mission of public debate by editing books
- Legal gazette online: yes
- Legislation database: yes
- Consolidation: yes
|Other services offered
1.5. Drafting and publishing procedures
A system called "Système d’organisation en ligne des opérations normatives" (SOLON) is used, which aims to manage the flow of primary legislation between the ministries and the parliament and the flow of secondary legislation. SOLON ensures the validation flow with corrections if needed) of a text from drafting to send to publication. Word templates are used and files are converted into XML with the STILA application to prepare also the layout
XML/Word templates are used and files are then converted into XML.
The MS Word is used for the data capture before downloading the content on to SOLON. The users then apply the style sheets designed for the different types of acts produced as e-legislation. The files are then converted into XML, syntax analyse in the STILA application
The staff of the direction de information légale et administrative is in charge of controlling the XML structuration, editing and do the layout.
From Tuesday to Sunday, we publish the digital version on the web site Legifrance.If necessary a digital version is published on Monday.
One day is the period between reception of the draft by the publishing organisation and the availability of the published text.
2. Collections of consolidated Legislation
See full details >>
(Consolidated legislation in Legifrance is issued from the Legi database)
|Body carrying out
|Direction de l’information légale et administrative (DILA)
||Laws, decrees in force
|Status of the
|Consolidation is for information purposes only.
|On working day and engagement normally for three days.
3. Legislative portals and online databases
Legifrance also serves as an official portal; for details see point 3.2.
3.2. Official databases
|Secretary-General of the French Government: publication director DILA: publication operator
French law (Constitution, Law, decree, deed and regulations, codes, collective agreements, official bulletins); consolidated and not consolidated versions
Journal officiel (see point 1.3)
Constitutional, administrative and juridical case law
European Law (treaties, transposition of EU directives, EU case law)
International Law (treaties, legal precedents)
||Free of charge
|Access via N-Lex
||Yes (N-Lex gives access to the consolidated texts and Official Gazette
3.3. Additional information: other commonly used legal databases
Since 2021, SGG and DILA have launched a vast program to modernize the normative production chain for the benefit of all users (redactors for ministries, Parliament, Council of State and, ultimately, all users of Legifrance).
For this, it is planned to renovate the existing applications and to develop new ones such as an application for consolidating texts by artificial intelligence or a tool to assist in the edition of texts allowing the production of data structured from the start of the process (by importing data diffused by Legifrance).
The quality and quantity of data that can be diffused will thus be increased.