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Monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions

Overall state of play

Legal act adopted:
• On 21 June 2012, Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012
• On 19 December 2018, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2066 (amending Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012)
• On 14 December 2020, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2085 (amending and correcting Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2066)
• On 8 March 2022, Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/388 (amending Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/2066)

State of play, main conclusions, outlook

The Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions, minimises as much as possible the cost of monitoring by, for example, a tiered approach proportionate to the scale of emissions, allowing derogations to avoid unreasonable costs, additional derogations for small emitters, and provision for application of simplified monitoring plans.

In order to further update the monitoring and reporting rules for the fourth phase of the EU ETS (2021-2030), amendments have been adopted in 2018 and 2020. An amendment was also adopted in 2022 allowing Member States to postpone the application of certain provisions on biomass by one year as not all elements to certify the sustainability of biomass are in place.

Estimated savings and benefits

Reduced monitoring costs for EU ETS operators and Member States are expected thanks to the various dispensations provided by the Regulation, especially simplified monitoring plans. The specific cost savings differ from operator to operator and it is therefore difficult to estimate a cost average, hence the savings could not be quantified.