Eurostat statistical classifications
Eurostat has created over the years several statistical classifications used by Eurostat and the Members of the European Statistical System (ESS) for collecting and reporting statistical data and ensuring the comparability of statistical data at EU level. The classification(s) to be applied is specified in regulations or gentlemen's agreements for each data collection.
A statistical classification or nomenclature is an exhaustive and structured set of mutually exclusive and well-described categories, often presented in a hierarchy reflected by the numeric or alphabetical codes assigned to them, used to standardise concepts and compile statistical data. Some classifications are applied in a multidisciplinary manner and cover different statistical domains (statistical activities, goods and services, products) while other classifications are very closely related to a specific domain.
The following statistical classifications maintained by Eurostat are available as Linked Open Data in XKOS, the extension of SKOS for modeling statistical classifications. They are presented by classification family, categorized by statistical domain and sub-domain(s) (e.g. NACE under the statistical domain Economic statistics and the sub-domain Activities).
Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community (NACE)
NACE is the classification of economic activities in the European Union (EU). It is the European version of ISIC (International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities), which is a global classification of economic activities maintained by the UN.
Statistical classification of products by activity (CPA)
The CPA is the European version of the CPC (Central Product Classifications of the United Nations) and with a structure based on NACE according to the criterion of economic origin (and thus the definition of the economic activities).
Combined Nomenclature (CN)
The Combined Nomenclature is the main classification for the European ITGS (International trade in goods statistics. It is the European version of the HS (Harmonised Commodity Description and Coding System), managed by the World Customs Organization.
The Geonomenclature or the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Union and statistics of trade between Member States is used by the EU Member States to collect detailed statistics on their exchanges of goods with other Member States (intra-EU trade) or with non-EU countries (extra-EU trade).
PRODCOM List is a classification of industrial products derived from activities listed in sections B, C and E in the NACE. Most eight-digit PRODCOM codes have a complete reference to the Combined Nomenclature (CN).
Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST)
NST is a statistical nomenclature for the goods transported by four modes of transport: road, rail, inland waterways and sea that takes account of the economic activity from which the goods originate. This means that each of its items is strongly interrelated with an item of the European Union Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) and statistical classification of economic activities (NACE).
European Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (ECOICOP)
ECOICOP is based on COICOP (Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose), a reference classification published by the United Nations Statistics Division, which is used in National accounts, Household Budget surveys (HBS), Price Statistics (HICP) and Purchasing Power Parities (PPP). ECOICOP-HICP contains the ECOICOP codes actually used in the Harmonised Index of Consumer Prices (HICP).
Regional and geospatial statistical information
Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics (NUTS) and SR (Statistical regions)
The NUTS classification (Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics) is a hierarchical system for dividing up the economic territory of the EU and the UK.
Land use and land cover
Land Use / Cover Area Frame Survey (LUCAS)
LUCAS survey consists of an area frame sampling survey to collect harmonized data on land cover/use and agro-environmental parameter; the survey covers all Member States. LUCAS contains the classifications for land cover (LC), land use (LU), forest types, linear and water features.
List of Supplementary Units (SU) or Volume Physical Units used respectively in CN and PRODCOM List.
List of the production types and heading types (combination of production types) required for the heading in PRODCOM List.
If you have any comments, questions or further need for information, please contact: ESTAT-DATA-METADATA-SERVICES@ec.europa.eu.