Publications Office of the EU
Business collections - EU Vocabularies
Business collections

Business collections

Business collections

Collections of semantic assets linked to concrete projects give an easy overview of the applied vocabularies and provide an introductory platform for authors to present their projects.

Objavi pripomočke

AKN4EU is the future machine-readable structured format for the exchange of legal documents in the EU decision-making process.

BITS (Book Interchange Tag Suite)

The Publications Office has selected BITS (Book Interchange Tag Suite) as an XML mark-up model suitable for the production of general publications.

CDM (Common Data Model)

CDM is the Common Data Model of the resources published by the Publications Office of the European Union.

Common European Skills Data Space

Common European Skills Data Space is a European framework to support the transparency and understanding of skills and qualifications acquired in formal, non-formal and informal settings, including through practical experiences, mobility and volunteering (Europass).

Core Vocabularies

Core Vocabularies are simplified, re-usable and extensible data models that capture the fundamental characteristics of an entity in a context-neutral fashion.

Corporate Reference Data Management

The objective of the Corporate Reference Data Management coordination group is to build consensus on a corporate reference data management policy.

DCAT-AP for data portals in Europe

The DCAT Application profile for data portals in Europe (DCAT-AP) is a specification based on the Data Catalogue vocabulary (DCAT) for describing public sector datasets in Europe.

Digital Europa Thesaurus (DET)

The Digital Europa Thesaurus (DET) is a multilingual thesaurus covering the main subject matters of the European Commission's public communications.

ELI (European Legislation Identifier)

The technical specifications of the European Legislation Identifier (ELI) can be found here.


eProcurement is the use of electronic communications and transaction processing for public procurement (procedures and methods established for public sector organisations when buying supplies and services or tendering public works).

EUropean Research Information Ontology (EURIO)

EURIO has been developed by CORDIS on the basis of data about research projects funded by the EU's framework programmes for research and innovation following Semantic Web standards.

ERA vocabulary

The European Union Agency for Railways (ERA) has created a collection of concept schemes represented in SKOS, together with RDF graphs validation set of conditions used with the ontology.

European Science Vocabulary (EuroSciVoc)

EuroSciVoc is a multilingual taxonomy that represents all the main fields of science that were discovered from CORDIS content and organised through a semi-automatic process based on NLP techniques.


Eurostat has created several statistical classifications used for collecting and reporting statistical data.


Formex describes the format for the exchange of data between the Publications Office and its contractors. In particular, it defines the logical markup for documents which are published in the different series of the Offical Journal of the European Union.

IMFC Common Vocabulary

Common Vocabulary (CoV) is a collection of structural concepts that reflect the way users refer to the respective documents and their elements.

IMMC protocol

The IMMC protocol allows for standardised messages to be exchanged between a sender and a recipient. By transporting all relevant metadata, the protocol, used by institutions, EU bodies and agencies alike, is flexible, fosters interoperability and allows for some degree of automation.

OJEEP (Official Journal Electronic Exchange Protocol)

The Publications Office of the EU has defined the Official Journal Electronic Exchange Protocol (OJEEP) to manage the data exchange between PlanJO, the production follow-up system for the Official Journal of the EU, and the contractors in charge of printing the Official Journal.

OP Core metadata element set

Based on the Dublin Core metadata element set, the Publications Office of the EU has defined its own OP Core metadata element set.

OP data structures and standards

Interoperable standards and data structures used at the the Publications Office of the European Union.