Taxonomies - EU Vocabularies

Taxonomies long

Taxonomies 

A taxonomy is a controlled vocabulary in which all the terms belong to a single hierarchical structure and have parent/child or broader/narrower relationships to other terms. The structure is sometimes referred to as a ‘tree’. The addition of non-preferred terms/synonyms may or may not be part of a taxonomy.

EU Vocabularies - Template display

Activity coding list for harmonised European time use surveys (ACL 2018)

The Activity Coding List is used in the Harmonised European Time Use Surveys (HETUS) to quantify how much time people spend on various activities, including paid work, household chores and family care, personal care, voluntary work, social life, travel and leisure. It is based on international practices and previous classifications of daily activities used in Europe. The initial coding system and index were tested and revised on the basis of time use pilot surveys in 18 countries. The final system was completed in 2000 and revised in 2008 and in 2018. The European activity coding list allows several groupings of activities depending on the purpose of the analysis.

Eurostat website: https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/time-use-surveys/overview

Classification of Environmental Protection Activities and Expenditure, 2000 (CEPA 2000)
CEPA is a functional classification used to classify activities, products, outlays and other transactions whose primary purpose is environmental protection. CEPA class 8 corresponds to NABS 1993; CEPA classes 2 and 3 have a direct relation to ISIC Rev.3 division 90 and EU NACE Rev. 1.1 classes 90.01 and 90.02; CEPA is consistent with COFOG, COICOP and COPP but provides more detail and more complete coverage.
Combined Nomenclature, 2018 (CN 2018)

The Combined Nomenclature 2018 (CN 2018) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2017) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Legal basis http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2017/1925/oj: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2017/1925 of 12 October 2017 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 282, 31.10.2017, p. 1–958

Explanatory notes https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.C_.2015.076.01.0001.01.ENG to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union, OJ C 76, 4.3.2015, p. 1 -388

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/international-trade-in-goods/methodology/classifications)

Combined Nomenclature, 2019 (CN 2019)

The Combined Nomenclature 2019 (CN 2019) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2017) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Legal basis: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2018/1602 of 11 October 2018 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 273, 31.10.2018, p. 1 -960

Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union OJ C 76, 4.3.2015, p. 1 -388

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

Combined Nomenclature, 2020 (CN 2020)

The Combined Nomenclature 2020 (CN 2020) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2017) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Legal basis: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2019/1776 of 9 October 2019 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 280, 31.10.2019, p. 1 -1042

Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union, OJ C 119, 29.3.2019, p. 1 -422

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

Combined Nomenclature, 2021 (CN 2021)

The Combined Nomenclature 2021 (CN 2021) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2017) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Legal basis: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/2159 of 16 December 2020 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, C/2020/9382, OJ L 431, 21.12.2020, p. 34 -37. http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2020/2159/oj

Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1577 of 21 September 2020 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 361, 30.10.2020, p. 1 -1063. http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2020/1577/oj

Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union, OJ C 119, 29.3.2019, p. 1 -422

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

Combined Nomenclature, 2022 (CN 2022)

The Combined Nomenclature 2022 (CN 2022) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2022) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties. CN 2022 is made-up of two concept schemes: CN 2022 and HS 2022, which indicates the classification items belonging to the reference classification (HS 2022).

Legal basis: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1832 of 12 October 2021 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 385, 29.10.2021, p. 1 -1091

Corrigendum to Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2021/1832 of 12 October 2021 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff (Official Journal of the European Union L 385 of 29 October 2021), OJ L 414, 19.11.2021, p. 1 -1091

Explanatory notes to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union, OJ C 119, 29.3.2019, p. 1 -422

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

Combined Nomenclature, 2023 (CN 2023)

The Combined Nomenclature 2023 (CN 2023) is the goods classification used within the European Union for the purposes of foreign trade statistics. It is also used by Directorate General "Taxation and Customs Union" of the European Commission for customs duty purposes. The classification is based on the world standard Harmonized System (HS 2022) which it sub-divides where necessary for purposes of external trade, agricultural regulation and customs duties.

Legal basis http://data.europa.eu/eli/reg_impl/2022/1998/oj : Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2022/1998 of 20 September 2022 amending Annex I to Council Regulation (EEC) No 2658/87 on the tariff and statistical nomenclature and on the Common Customs Tariff, OJ L 282, 31.10.2022, p. 1–1093

Explanatory notes https://eur-lex.europa.eu/legal-content/EN/TXT/?uri=uriserv:OJ.C_.2019.119.01.0001.01.ENG to the Combined Nomenclature of the European Union, OJ C 119, 29.3.2019, p. 1 -422

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications (https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/web/international-trade-in-goods/methodology/classifications)

Common Procurement Vocabulary

To support an effective Single Market, the Commission encourages suppliers and contracting authorities/entities to adopt best practice and use electronic communication and information technology to provide all the relevant information, so as to ensure best value for money in public procurement.

To make public procurement more transparent and efficient, in 1993 the Commission drafted the Common Procurement Vocabulary (CPV).

Common Procurement Vocabulary Supplement

To support an effective Single Market, the Commission encourages suppliers and contracting authorities/entities to adopt best practice and use electronic communication and information technology to provide all the relevant information, so as to ensure best value for money in public procurement.

To make public procurement more transparent and efficient, in 1993 the Commission drafted the Common Procurement Vocabulary (CPV).

Digital Competence Framework

The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens (DigComp) standard list identifies the key components of digital competence in 5 broader, and a total of 21 narrower areas, with eight proficiency levels for each concept and a few contextualising examples of use. It is part of ESCO (European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations), i.e. the European multilingual classification of Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations. The Digital Competence Framework for Citizens standard list is maintained by DG EMPL and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website. 

European Business Statistics Manuals (EBS)

European business statistics (EBS) cover the structure, economic activities and performance of businesses, their research and development as well as innovation activities, their information and communication technologies (ICT) usage and e-commerce, and global value chains. They also comprise statistics on the production of manufactured goods and services and the international trade in goods and services as well as essential statistical infrastructure such as national statistical business registers and the EuroGroups register. EBS provide users and key policymakers with much needed information for decision-making or for analytical purposes. European business statistics (EBS) manuals seeks to serve statistical experts and users alike as a comprehensive reference to the world of EBS by providing an overview of business statistics while highlighting the features introduced by the new regulatory framework. Furthermore, the manual describes the various statistical tools and activities supporting EBS production such as statistical units and profiling, classifications, data processing or statistical disclosure control.

European Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (ECOICOP)

ECOICOP (European Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose) is based on COICOP (Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose), a reference classification published by the United Nations Statistics Division, which is used in National accounts, Household Budget surveys (HBS), Price Statistics (HICP) and Purchasing Power Parities (PPP). Parts of this classification are also used in Food safety statistics or environment statistics.

ECOICOP is consistent with the UN version at four digits, harmonized and developed by Eurostat at 5-digit levels. The objectives are to lay down a framework of homogeneous categories of goods and services, which are considered as a function or purpose of expenditure by households with the object of classifying transactions in relation to individual consumption, social transfers and households' real consumption.

Legal basis: Regulation (EU) 2016/792 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 May 2016 on harmonised indices of consumer prices and the house price index, and repealing Council Regulation (EC) No 2494/95, OJ L 135, 24.5.2016, p. 11 -38.

ECOICOP is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

European Commission web presence classes

The European Commission web presence classes is a taxonomy owned and used by DG COMM. The European Commission's web presence - ec.europa.eu - is built around 15 classes. These classes are structured around user tasks. The European Commission web presence classes is maintained by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website for DG COMM.

European Science Vocabulary (EuroSciVoc)

European Science Vocabulary (EuroSciVoc) is the taxonomy of fields of science based on OECD's 2015 Frascati Manual taxonomy. It was extended with fields of science categories extracted from CORDIS content through a semi-automatic process developed with Natural Language Processing (NLP) techniques.

GEONOM 2021

Geonomenclature 2021 (GEONOM 2021) or the nomenclature of countries and territories for the external trade statistics of the Union and statistics of trade between Member States is used by the EU Member States to collect detailed statistics on their exchanges of goods with other Member States (intra-EU trade) or with non-EU countries (extra-EU trade).

Legal basis: Commission Implementing Regulation (EU) 2020/1470 of 12 October 2020 on the nomenclature of countries and territories for the European statistics on international trade in goods and on the geographical breakdown for other business statistics, C/2020/6906, OJ L 334, 13.10.2020, p. 2 -21.

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

Documentation

European Commission, Eurostat, Geonomenclature applicable to European statistics on international trade in goods : 2020 edition, Publications Office, 2020, https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2785/177125

European Commission, Eurostat, European business statistics geonomenclature applicable to European statistics on international trade in goods : 2022 edition, Publications Office of the European Union, 2022, https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2785/245222

Geonomenclature 2021 is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

International Standard Classification of Education
ESCO (European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations) is the European multilingual classification of Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations. The aim of ESCO is to support job mobility across Europe and therefore a more integrated and efficient labour market, by offering a common language on occupations and skills that can be used by different stakeholders on employment and education and training topics. ESCO is a European Commission project, run by Directorate General Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion (DG EMPL).
JRC Cybersecurity Taxonomy
This taxonomy is intended to align the cybersecurity terminologies, definitions and domains to facilitate the categorisation of EU cybersecurity competencies. It provides a four-dimensional approach, including cybersecurity domains, sectors, technologies and use cases to categorise existing EU cybersecurity competence centres (e.g., research organisations or academic institutions) according to their cybersecurity expertise. This categorization aims to support the development of the network of European cybersecurity research and competence centres and will also be the core of the European Cybersecurity Atlas.
LUCAS Classification 2022 (LUCAS SU LC + LU + FT)

Land Use / Cover Area Frame Survey 2022 (LUCAS 2022) consist of an area frame sampling survey to collect harmonized data on land cover/use and agro-environmental parameter; the survey covers all Member States. LUCAS contains the classifications for land cover (LC), land use (LU), forest types, linear and water features.

Eurostat website: Information on LUCAS 2022

Documentation

LUCAS 2022 (Land Use / Cover Area Frame Survey) Technical reference document C3 Classification (Land cover & Land Use)

https://ec.europa.eu/eurostat/documents/205002/13686460/C3-LUCAS-2022.pdf

LUCAS 2022 is maintained by Eurostat and published the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

National Qualification Framework

Qualifications frameworks classify qualifications by level, based on learning outcomes. This classification reflects the content and profile of qualifications - that is, what the holder of a certificate or diploma is expected to know, understand, and be able to do. The development of national qualifications frameworks in Europe also reflects the Bologna process and the agreement to implement qualifications frameworks in the European higher education area (QF-EHEA) that are comparable and easier to understand. Qualifications Framework is maintained by DG EMPL and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website. 

Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics

The NUTS classification (Nomenclature of territorial units for statistics) is a hierarchical system for dividing up the economic territory of the EU and the UK. The NUTS 2021 compiles the versions 2010, 2013, 2016 and 2021 of the NUTS classification as well as the Statistical Regions for countries that do not belong to the EU such as candidate countries, potential candidates or countries belonging to the EFTA (European Free Trade Association).

Eurostat website: 

NUTS  - Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics - Background

NUTS  - Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics - History of NUTS

Statistical regions for EU Candidates and EFTA countries

NUTS 2021 is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

PRODCOM List 2019-2020

PRODCOM List 2019-2020 is a classification of industrial products derived from activities listed in sections B, C and E in the NACE Rev. 2. Most eight-digit PRODCOM codes have a complete reference to the Combined Nomenclature (CN).

Legal basis: Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/1933 of 6 November 2019 establishing the ‘Prodcom list’ of industrial products referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3924/91, OJ L 309, 29.11.2019, p. 1–263

Eurostat website: PRODCOM – Overview

PRODCOM List 2021

PRODCOM List 2021 is a classification of industrial products derived from activities listed in sections B, C and E in the NACE. Most eight-digit PRODCOM codes have a complete reference to the Combined Nomenclature (CN).

Legal basis: Commission Regulation (EU) 2019/1933 of 6 November 2019 establishing the `Prodcom list' of industrial products referred to in Council Regulation (EEC) No 3924/91, OJ L 309, 29.11.2019, p. 1 -263.

Eurostat website: PRODCOM   - Overview

Documentation

European Commission, Eurostat, European business statistics methodological manual for PRODCOM : 2021 edition, Publications Office of the European Union, 2022, https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2785/812273

European Commission, Eurostat, European business statistics user's manual for PRODCOM : 2021 edition, Publications Office of the European Union, 2022, https://data.europa.eu/doi/10.2785/473101

PRODCOM List 2021 is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

Qualification information topic

The Qualification information topic taxonomy details various topics relating to qualification. It is part of ESCO (European Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations), i.e. the European multilingual classification of Skills, Competences, Qualifications and Occupations. The Qualification information topic taxonomy is maintained by DG EMPL and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website. 

SDMX glossary 2018

The SDMX Glossary is an SDMX guideline containing concepts and related definitions that are useful for building and understanding data and metadata exchange arrangements based on the SDMX (Statistical Data and Metadata eXchange) ISO 17369 standard. It is recommended as a single entry point to a common SDMX terminology to be used in order to facilitate communication and understanding of the standard. In short, the overall message of the glossary is the following: if a term is used, then its precise meaning should correspond to the SDMX Glossary definition, and any reference to a particular phenomenon described in the SDMX Glossary should use the appropriate term.

Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST 2007)

Standard goods classification for transport statistics 2007 (NST 2007) is a statistical nomenclature for the goods transported by four modes of transport: road, rail, inland waterways and sea, that takes account of the economic activity from which the goods originate. This means that each of its items is strongly interrelated with an item of the European Union Classification of Products by Activity (CPA) and statistical classification of economic activities (NACE).

Legal basis: Commission Regulation (EC) No 1304/2007 of 7 November 2007 amending Council Directive 95/64/EC, Council Regulation (EC) No 1172/98, Regulations (EC) No 91/2003 and (EC) No 1365/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council with respect to the establishment of NST 2007 as the unique classification for transported goods in certain transport modes, OJ L 290, 8.11.2007, p. 14 -16.

Eurostat website: International trade in goods methodology: classifications

NST 2007 is maintained by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community Rev. 2

NACE Rev. 2 (Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community) is the classification of economic activities in the European Union (EU). It is the European version of ISIC (International Standard Industrial Classification of All Economic Activities), Rev. 4, which is a global classification of economic activities maintained by the United Nations.

Legal basis:Regulation (EC) No 1893/2006 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 20 December 2006 establishing the statistical classification of economic activities NACE Revision 2 and amending Council Regulation (EEC) No 3037/90 as well as certain EC Regulations on specific statistical domains, OJ L 393, 30.12.2006, p. 1 -39.

Eurostat website:NACE Rev. 2 - Overview

NACE Rev. 2 is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

Statistical classification of products by activity, 2.1 (CPA 2.1)

CPA 2.1 is the European version of the CPC 2.1 (Central Product Classifications of the United Nations) and with a structure based on NACE 2 according to the criterion of economic origin (and thus the definition of the economic activities).

Legal basis: Commission Regulation (EU) No 1209/2014 of 29 October 2014 amending Regulation (EC) No 451/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a new statistical classification of products by activity (CPA) and repealing Council Regulation (EEC) No 3696/93 Text with EEA relevance, OJ L 336, 22.11.2014, p. 1 -149.

CPA 2.1 is maintained by Eurostat and published by the Publications Office of the European Union on the EU Vocabularies website.

Sustainable Development Goals

The 17 interlinked Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and their related 169 targets, which are at the heart of the UN's 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development, provide a new policy framework worldwide towards ending all forms of poverty, fighting inequalities and tackling climate (https://sdgs.un.org/goals). The SDGs, set in 2015 by the United Nations General Assembly and intended to be achieved by the year 2030, are part of a UN Resolution called the "2030 Agenda". The EU has committed to implement the Sustainable Development Goals both in its internal and external policies.

 

The UN developed a system of Internationalized Resource Identifiers (IRIs) for Sustainable Development Goals, Targets, Indicators and related statistical series to support the development of a United Nations system-wide ecosystem of machine-readable data and documents based on Linked Open Data (LOD) principles.  The taxonomy is available to IT developers and the public at large under http://metadata.un.org/sdg/?lang=en. 

View Name
Browse content Dataset details Activity coding list for harmonised European time use surveys (ACL 2018)
Browse content Dataset details Classification of Environmental Protection Activities and Expenditure, 2000 (CEPA 2000)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2018 (CN 2018)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2019 (CN 2019)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2020 (CN 2020)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2021 (CN 2021)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2022 (CN 2022)
Browse content Dataset details Combined Nomenclature, 2023 (CN 2023)
Browse content Dataset details Common Procurement Vocabulary
Browse content Dataset details Common Procurement Vocabulary Supplement
Browse content Dataset details Digital Competence Framework
Browse content Dataset details European Business Statistics Manuals (EBS)
Browse content Dataset details European Classification of Individual Consumption according to Purpose (ECOICOP)
Browse content Dataset details European Commission web presence classes
Browse content Dataset details European Science Vocabulary (EuroSciVoc)
Browse content Dataset details GEONOM 2021
Browse content Dataset details International Standard Classification of Education
Browse content Dataset details JRC Cybersecurity Taxonomy
Browse content Dataset details LUCAS Classification 2022 (LUCAS SU LC + LU + FT)
Browse content Dataset details National Qualification Framework
Browse content Dataset details Nomenclature of Territorial Units for Statistics
Browse content Dataset details PRODCOM List 2019-2020
Browse content Dataset details PRODCOM List 2021
Browse content Dataset details Qualification information topic
Browse content Dataset details SDMX glossary 2018
Browse content Dataset details Standard goods classification for transport statistics (NST 2007)
Browse content Dataset details Statistical Classification of Economic Activities in the European Community Rev. 2
Browse content Dataset details Statistical classification of products by activity, 2.1 (CPA 2.1)
Browse content Dataset details Sustainable Development Goals