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EASO Annual Training Report 2016

Annual Training Report 2016 is available in the following formats

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Introduction

Note:

This report draws upon data provided by the EASO Training Cockpit from 2010 onwards. Its purpose is to measure progress in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum and does not intend to provide any data on any other national training available in EU+ States and by other stakeholders (1All trainings delivered in non-EU+ States and/or by external partners (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – UNHCR, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation – ACCORD, Prague Process, Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus – QIEE, etc.).).

At the current stage, the EASO Training Cockpit is only counting training participants. This means that an individual attending several training sessions will be counted several times.

Data is generated from the registration list of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum (national trainings and train-the-trainers’ sessions) provided by EU+ States and other stakeholders.

The EASO Training Cockpit only records participants who have completed a full training session (e-learning session and the face-to-face session). Therefore divergence of data between the EASO Training Cockpit and the Member States’ records may result when EASO has not been informed that a participant did not complete a full training session (no update in the registration list).

Reference to the date of a session is made in the beginning of the online training course. Therefore, two online training sessions with two different online start dates but with the same face-to-face dates and the same trainers will be counted as two sessions. Moreover, a national training session with an online session starting in December 2016 followed by a face-to-face session in January 2015 will be included in the 2016 records.

1. Progress in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum, EU+ States and other stakeholders(2All trainings
delivered in non-EU+ States and/or by external partners (Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – UNHCR, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation – ACCORD, Prague Process, Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus – QIEE, etc.).
)

Progress in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum is monitored and analysed on the basis of the following data:

  • the number of participants who have completed the EASO training modules,
  • the number of participants per module,
  • the number of train-the-trainers’ sessions and national trainings,
  • the number of train-the-trainers’ sessions and national trainings per module,

It is important to note that the records only take into account the absolute number of training participants. The graphs do not take into account the relative size of each national authority. This means that some Member States appear as low-ranking in absolute number even if a significant amount of staff therein has undergone training in the EASO Training Curriculum.

1.1 Trends in participation in the EASO Training Curriculum

  • The steady increase in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in the EU+ States has been observed since 2012 and confirmed in 2016 with a significant rise of 44 % in participation in the EASO training modules compared to 2015 (5599 participants in 2016 vs. 3886 in 2015).
  • The number of participants from EU28+ represented 95 % of the total participants in 2016 while 5 % have been registered from External Dimension and other stakeholders.
  • 23 train-the-trainers’ sessions have been delivered in 2016 in 14 different modules.
  • 312 asylum officials have been trained in 2016 to become national trainers, representing an increase of 13 % in comparison with 2015.
  • The overall increase in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum is also confirmed by the number of national training sessions (356 sessions organised in 2016 compared to 271 sessions in 2015) and the number of participants in national trainings (5,287 participants in 2016 compared to 3,611 in 2015, meaning a rise of 46 %).
  • 16 EU28+ Member States organised EASO national training sessions in 2016 in 13 different modules.
  • The core modules were the three most used in 2016, representing 77 % of the total participants.
  • The Inclusion module was the most used (2334 participants, 42 % of the total in 2016) followed by Interview Techniques (1219 participants, 22 % of the total) and Evidence Assessment (752 participants, 13 % of the total).
  • The Exclusion module ranked fourth (310 participants) followed by Interviewing Children (237 participants) and Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (234 participants).
  • The strongest progressions in the number of people trained were observed with regard to the Module for Managers (+367 % vs. 2015), Reception module (+146 %) and Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module (+129 %).
  • The module Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU has been delivered for the first time in 2016 (train-the-trainers’ session organised in December 2016).
  • Between 2012 to 2016, 15696 participants have been registered in EASO training modules, of which 1110 have followed train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • Between 2012 to 2016, the number of participants from EU28+ represented 91 % of the total participants while 9 % have been registered from External Dimension and other stakeholders.
  • Between 2012 and 2016, 5137 participants have followed the Inclusion module, of which 45 % in 2016.
  • During the similar period, the Interview Techniques modules have been followed by 2981 participants then Evidence Assessment module (2377 participants), Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (1135 participants) and Country of Origin Information (876 participants).

Graph 1: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum 2012-2016 (number of participants to national trainings and EASO’s train-the-trainers’ sessions, as well as the number of national training sessions)

Graph 2: Training progress 2016 vs 2015

Graph 3: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 (number of participants to national trainings and train-the-trainers’ sessions)

Table 1: EASO training modules progress 2016 vs. 2015

Modules 2016 2015   Evolution
Inclusion 2334 1132 106%
Interview Techniques 1219 960 27%
Evidence Assessment 752 718 5%
Interviewing Vulnerable Persons 234 102 129%
Interviewing Children 237 159 49%
Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation 69 33 109%
Asylum Procedures Directive 8 4 100%
Exclusion 310 258 20%
Country of Origin Information 168 140 20%
End of Protection 18 18 0%
Reception 32 13 146%
Dublin III Regulation 109 109 0%
Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU 17 0 / /
Module for Managers 70 15 367%
Common European Asylum System 22 188 -88%
Drafting and Decision Making 0 37 -100%
Total 5599 3886 44%

Graph 4: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 (number of participants to national trainings and train-the-trainers’ sessions)

Graph 5: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum 2012-2016 (number of participants to national trainings and EASO’s train-the-trainers’ sessions).

Graph 6: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum 2012-2016 (number of participants to national trainings and EASO’s train-the-trainers’ sessions).

Graph 7: Distribution of participants per language in the EASO Training Curriculum in 2016

 

1.2 Trends in participation in the EASO Train-the-Trainers’ sessions

  • 14 EASO training modules have been delivered in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016.
  • The module Fundamental Rights and International Rights in the EU has been delivered for the first time in 2016 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ sessions organised in Malta in December 2016.
  • Due to the demand from Member States and other stakeholders, four train-the-trainers’ sessions on Inclusion module have been delivered (Malta, Vienna, Tallinn and Greece), two train-the-trainers’ sessions on Evidence Assessment module organised (Malta and Tallinn) and two train-the-trainers’ sessions on Exclusion (Malta, Vienna).
  • 50 participants attended the EASO train-the-trainers’ session on Inclusion module in 2016 followed by Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (40 participants) and Interview Techniques (34 participants).
  • Germany organised three train-the-trainers’ sessions (two sessions in Interviewing Vulnerable Persons and one session in Interviewing Children modules) for a total number of 38 participants.
  • Between 2012 and 2016, 211 participants attended to EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions on Inclusion module, 165 in Interview Techniques and 153 in Evidence Assessment.

Graph 8: Number of participants to train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 9: Number of sessions and participants to train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 10: Number of participants to train-the-trainers’ sessions 2012-2016 (number of participants per Member States)

Graph 11: Number of participants to train-the-trainers’ sessions 2012-2016 (number of participants per module)

1.3 Trends in participation in the EASO national training sessions

  • 5287 participants have been trained in EASO national training sessions in 2016 (+46 % compared to 2015).
  • 13 EASO training modules have been delivered at national level in nine languages in 2016.
  • The Module for Managers and Reception module have been delivered for the first time at national level in 2016.
  • The Inclusion module ranked the first in 2016 (2284 participants) followed by Interview Techniques (1185 participants) and Evidence Assessment (721 participants).
  • The core modules were followed by 79 % of participants in EASO national training sessions in 2016.
  • 16 EU+ States have delivered EASO national training sessions in 2016 (vs. 19 in 2015).
  • Since 2012, 23 EU+ States have delivered a total of 971 EASO national training sessions to 13386 participants.

Graph 12: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 (number of participants to national trainings sessions)

Graph 13: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 (number of sessions and participants to national trainings sessions)

Graph 14: Languages version of EASO training modules used at national level in 2016

Graph 15: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum 2012-2016 (number of sessions and participants to national trainings)

Graph 16: Implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in 2012-2016 (number of sessions and participants to national trainings and train-the-trainers’ sessions)

Multiplier effect of EASO Training Curriculum

The multiplier effect of the EASO Training Curriculum has increased as of 10.4 trainees per trainer trained in 2012 to 12.4 trainees per trainer trained at the end of 2016.

Multiplier effect of EASO Training Curriculum in 2016

The multiplier effect of the EASO Training Curriculum (2016) amounts to 17 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session (ratio 1:17)

Table: Multiplier effect 2016

Modules EASO Training Curriculum EU+ States EU+ States who organised national training session
Inclusion 45.7 50.2 51.3
Interview Techniques 34.9 69.7 79.0
Evidence Assessment 23.3 24.5 29.8
Interviewing Vulnerable Persons 4.9 4.7 5.1
Interviewing Children 6.6 7.4 7.9
Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation 2.5 3.1 3.3
Asylum Procedures Directive 0.0 0.0 0.0
Exclusion 11.4 10.2 12.1
Country of Origin Information 11.9 9.1 13.1
End of Protection / / /
Reception 1.3 1.4 1.5
Dublin II Regulation 7.4 7.4 7.4
Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU 0.0 0.0 0.0
Module for Managers 10.7 10.7 12.8
Common European Asylum System 1.2 0.0 0.0
Total 16.9 19.9 22.2
Multiplier effect of EASO Training Curriculum 2012-2016

The multiplier effect of the EASO Training Curriculum (2012-2016) amounts to 12 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session (ratio 1:12).

Table1: Multiplier effect 2012-2016

Modules EASO Training Curriculum EU+ States EU+ States who organised national training session
Inclusion 23.3 29.0 32.8
Interview Techniques 17.1 24.9 31.4
Evidence Assessment 14.5 17.2 20.6
Interviewing Vulnerable Persons 12.8 14.9 16.9
Interviewing Children 8.6 9.2 11.7
Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation 1.5 2.0 2.2
Asylum Procedures Directive 0.0 0.0 0.0
Exclusion 12.6 14.5 16.4
Country of Origin Information 11.5 8.2 10.5
End of Protection 5.9 6.3 8.0
Reception 0.7 0.7 0.8
Dublin Regulation 4.6 4.8 5.9
Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU 0.0 0.0 0.0
Module for Managers 1.7 1.8 2.0
Common European Asylum System 2.9 4.6 5.8
Drafting and Decision Making 9.3 8.5 10.1
International Refugee Law and Human Rights 17.9 22.4 38.4
Total 12.4 14.7 17.6

2. Profile of participants from EU+ States and other stakeholders in the EASO Training Curriculum (3Profile has been
prepared on the basis of information available since June 2013, i.e. since the beginning of the collection of data regarding the task description of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum.
)

  • Most of the participants who have completed one or more modules of the EASO Training Curriculum are responsible for preparing and undertaking asylum interviews (90 %). The second most common profile relates to drafting asylum decisions (87 %), while 68 % of the participants deal with analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview. These profiles correspond to the core tasks which are most commonly shared by asylum case officers across the EU+ States confirming that the EASO Training Curriculum is reaching its primary target audience.
  • The lowest percentage of participants represents persons who are responsible for drafting and supervising the implementation of asylum procedural guidelines (2 %) and for producing country reports and/or eligibility guidelines (1%).

Graph 17: Profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum

3. Progress in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in External Dimension and other stakeholders

  • External Dimension and other stakeholder participations include participants to EASO train-the-trainers and national training sessions from non-EU+ States and/or external partners (e.g. Office of the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees – UNHCR, Austrian Centre for Country of Origin and Asylum Research and Documentation – ACCORD, Prague Process, Quality Initiative in Eastern Europe and South Caucasus – QIEE, etc.).
  • 298 participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders followed EASO training modules in 2016 whom 58 in EASO Train-the-Trainers’ sessions.
  • The participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders followed 11 EASO Training modules in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 1387 participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders followed EASO training modules, of which 260 in EASO Train-the-Trainers’ sessions.

Graph 18: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in type of EASO Training sessions in 2016

Graph 19: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by group of countries in 2016

Graph 20: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by countries in 2016

Graph 21: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by modules in 2016

Graph 22: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in type of EASO Training sessions in 2012-2016

Graph 23: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by group of countries 2012-2016

  • From 2012 to 2016, the participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders followed the EASO training sessions in the following languages: English (545 participants), Russian (525 participants), Turkish (65 participants), French (130 participants) and Arabic (54 participants).
  • Six EASO training modules in Russian language have been used since 2012 within the QIEE project (Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Exclusion and Drafting and Decision Making).
  • The three core modules in Arabic have been used in national training sessions within ENPI project.

Graph 24: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by countries (2012-2016)

Graph 25: Participants from External Dimension and other stakeholders in EASO Training Curriculum by modules (2012-2016)

4. Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in EU+ States and other stakeholders: Analysis by module

4.1 Inclusion module

  • The Inclusion module has been the most popular EASO training module since 2011. In 2013, EASO included this module as one of three core modules for asylum case officers.
  • The latest update of the module took place in 2013.
  • Significant progress in the implementation of the Inclusion module has been observed since its update in 2013. In 2014 the module was followed by 822 asylum officials then 1132 participants in 2015 while in 2016 the overall number of participants increased to 2334 (+106 %).
  • The vast majority of participants in the Inclusion module are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection (96 %), and draft asylum decisions (88%).
  • In 2016, 149 training sessions were organised in the module (vs. 86 sessions in 2015), of which four EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions and 145 national training.
  • In 2016, 2334 participants representing 15 EU+ States and other stakeholders have been trained in the Inclusion module.
  • Since 2012, 5137 participants from 28 Member States, Norway, Switzerland and other stakeholders have been trained in the Inclusion module.
  • The Inclusion module is available in 16 languages at the end of 2016.
  • In 2013 the Handbook on the Inclusion module was developed. The handbook is available in 19 language versions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Inclusion module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Inclusion module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in Inclusion module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in Inclusion module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in Inclusion module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in Inclusion module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Inclusion module

Reading example: 96 % of participants registered in the Inclusion module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.2 Interview Techniques module

  • The Interview Techniques module was the second most popular EASO training module in 2016 with a rise of 27% in the number of participants compared to 2015. Since 2013 the Interview Techniques modules is one of the core modules for asylum case officers.
  • This significant increase in the number of participants in the Interview Techniques module is a result of its update, which took place in 2013.
  • The module has been upgraded throughout 2017 and the pilot training in the upgraded version of the module will be delivered at the beginning of 2018.
  • The vast majority of participants in the Interview Techniques module have the responsibility of interviewing applicants for international protection (97 %), draft asylum decisions (91%) and analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview (70%).
  • A significant increase was also observed in the number of national and train-the-trainers’ sessions organised in the Interview Techniques module. In 2016, 80 sessions were held (compared to 33 in 2015), of which two EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions and 78 national training sessions.
  • In 2016, the Interview Techniques module was followed by 1219 participants representing 12 Member States and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 2981 participants from 26 Member States, Switzerland and other stakeholders have been trained in the Interview Techniques module.
  • The Interview Techniques module is available in 11 language versions.
  • The Handbook on the Interview Techniques module was developed in 2014. The handbook is available in 17 language versions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Interview Techniques module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Interview Techniques module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in Interview Techniques module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in Interview Techniques module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in Interview Techniques module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in Inclusion module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Interview Techniques module

Reading example: 97 % of participants registered in the Interview Techniques module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.3 Evidence Assessment module

  • Progress in the implementation of the Evidence Assessment module in EU+ States has been observed since 2012. In 2014, the module was followed by 494 asylum officials, in 2015 by 718 participants, while in 2016 the overall number of trainees increased to 752 (+5 %).
  • The Evidence Assessment was the third most popular EASO training module in 2015. Since 2013 the module is one of three core modules recommended by EASO for asylum case officers.
  • In 2015 the upgrading process of the Evidence Assessment module has started and some elements of the EASO module on Drafting and Decision Making have been incorporated to the module. The pilot train-the-trainers’ session in the upgraded version was held in June 2016.
  • The vast majority of participants in the Evidence Assessment module are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection (92%), preparation of drafts of asylum decisions (86%), and analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview (72%).
  • In 2016, 50 training sessions were organised in the Evidence Assessment module (vs. 47 sessions in 2015), of which two EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions and 45 national training sessions.
  • In 2016 the Evidence Assessment module has been followed by 752 participants from 12 Member States and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 2377 participants representing 24 Member States, Switzerland, Norway and other stakeholders have been trained in the Evidence Assessment module.
  • The Evidence Assessment module is available in 14 language versions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Evidence Assessment module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Evidence Assessment module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Evidence Assessment module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Evidence Assessment module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Evidence Assessment module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Evidence Assessment module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Evidence Assessment module

Reading example: 92 % of participants registered in the Evidence Assessment module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.4 Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module

  • Following a steady increase in the implementation of the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module in the EU+ States since 2012, in 2015 a significant decrease in the use of the module has been observed. However, the number of participants in 2016 increased significantly to 234 (+129%).
  • The upgrade of the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module was launched in 2016 and should be concluded in first quarter of 2018.
  • The majority of participants in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module (89 %) are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection. 84% of the trainees are drafting decisions on international protection while 46% analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview.
  • In 2016, 20 training sessions were organised in the module (vs. 24 sessions in 2014), of which three train-the-trainers’ sessions and 17 national training sessions.
  • In 2016 the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module was followed by 234 participants representing seven Member States and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 1135 participants from 19 Member States, Switzerland and other stakeholders have been trained in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module.
  • The Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module is available in eight language versions.
  • Since 2015 the Handbook on the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module is available in English version.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module

Reading example: 89 % of participants registered in the Interviewing Vulnerable Persons module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks

4.5 Interviewing Children module

  • Since 2012, 691 participants representing 21 Member States, Norway and other stakeholders have been trained in the Interviewing Children Module.
  • Following a slight decrease in the use of the module in 2015, the number of asylum officials who followed the module has increased significantly in 2016 (+49%, a total of 237 participants from 10 Member States).
  • In 2016, 20 training sessions were organised in the module (vs. 15 sessions in 2014), of which two train-the-trainers’ sessions and 18 national training sessions.
  • The vast majority of the participants in the Interviewing Children module are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection (93 %), analysing of facts and other documentation available following the personal interview (50%) and draft asylum decisions (88%).
  • 2016 marked also the start of the upgrade of the Interviewing Children module, along with the modules on Interview Techniques and Interviewing Vulnerable Persons. A content expert group including an external expert with expertise in the psychology of children were appointed and a kick-off meeting was held in December 2016. The upgrade of the module will be finalised in 2017, with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session to be held in the beginning of 2018.
  • The Interviewing Children module is available in three languages (English, German and French).

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Interviewing Children module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Interviewing Children module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in Interviewing Children module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in Interviewing Children module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in Interviewing Children module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in Inclusion module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Interviewing Children module

Reading example: 93 % of participants registered in the Interviewing Children module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.6 Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module

  • The Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module was developed in 2013-2014 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session held in June 2015. The pilot session was attended by 14 participants, while a second train-the-trainers’ session organised in November 2015 by 7 participants. The total number of participants has increased to 69 in 2016 (109 %) compared to 33 in 2015.
  • Following the Netherlands who was the first Member State to organise a national training session in the module on Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation in 2015, Sweden organised its first national training session in the module in 2016.
  • In 2016, 69 participants from 10 Member States and other stakeholders have been trained in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module.
  • The vast majority of trainees in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module (97 %) are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection, drafting asylum decisions (94 %) and undertake first fact-gathering interviews (58 %).
  • The Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module is available in English only.
  • In 2015 the Handbook on Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module was developed. The handbook is available in English only.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Evidence Assessment module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module

Reading example: 97 % of participants registered in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.7 Asylum Procedures Directive module

  • The trend in the implementation of the Asylum Procedures Directive module has varied over time, with no participants in 2013, 5 participants in 2014, 4 participants in 2015 and 8 participants in 2016. Limited use of the module in 2013 and 2014 was mainly due to the adoption of the recast Asylum Procedures Directive (1) and the necessary update of the module which followed. The update was finalised in 2014 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session held in November 2014.
  • All participants in the Asylum Procedures Directive module are responsible for preparing and undertaking interviews with applicants for international protection. Additionally, some of them analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview (63 %) or supervise/review other caseworkers’ asylum decisions (63 %).
  • In 2016 eight participants representing two Member State and other stakeholders (law company) followed the Asylum Procedures Directive module.
  • Since 2012, 23 participants from six Member States and other stakeholders have been trained in the Asylum Procedures Directive module.
  • The Asylum Procedures Directive module is available in English only.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Asylum Procedures Directive module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Asylum Procedures Directive module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Asylum Procedures Directive module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Asylum Procedures Directive module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Asylum Procedures Directive module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Asylum Procedures Directive module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Asylum Procedures Directive module

Reading example: 63 % of participants registered in the Asylum Procedures Directive module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.8 Exclusion module

  • An increase in participation in the Exclusion module has been observed since 2012. While in 2015 the module was followed by 258 asylum officials, in 2016 the overall number of participants increased to 310 (+20 %).
  • The latest update of the module took place in 2014.
  • The majority of participants in the Exclusion module are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection (89 %), drafting asylum decisions (88%), an analysing facts and documentation after an asylum interview (70%).
  • In 2016, 22 training sessions were organised in the module (vs. 18 sessions in 2015), of which two train-the-trainers’ session and 20 national training sessions.
  • In 2016, the Exclusion module was followed by 310 participants from 13 Member States, Norway and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 691 participants from 19 Member States, Norway, Switzerland, Island and other stakeholders have been trained in the Exclusion module.
  • The Exclusion module is available in three language versions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Exclusion module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Exclusion module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Exclusion module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Exclusion module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Exclusion module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Exclusion module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Exclusion module

Reading example: 89 % of participants registered in the Exclusion module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.9 Country of Origin Information module

  • The trend in the implementation of the Country of Origin Information module has varied over time. In 2015 the module was followed by 140 asylum officials, while in 2016 the overall number of participants increased to 168 (+20 %).
  • The majority of participants in the Country of Origin Information module are responsible for COI research (74 %), draft asylum decisions (52%) and analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview (44 %).
  • In 2016, nine training sessions (one train-the-trainers’ session and eight national training sessions) were organised in the module compared to 10 sessions in 2015.
  • In 2016, the Country of Origin Information module was followed by 168 participants representing 13 Member States, Switzerland and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 876 participants from 26 Member States, Switzerland and representing other stakeholders have been trained in the Country of Origin Information module.
  • The Country of Origin Information module is available in three language versions (English, Hungarian and Czech).

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in Country of Origin Information module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Country of Origin Information module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Country of Origin Information module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Country of Origin Information module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Country of Origin Information module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Country of Origin Information module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Country of Origin Information module

Reading example: 43 % of participants registered in the Country of Origin Information module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.10 End of Protection module

  • The trend in the implementation of the End of Protection module is relatively stable. 18 participants followed the module in 2016, the same number as in 2015.
  • The update of the End of Protection Module started in 2015 and was concluded in 2016, with the pilot training in the updated module to be delivered in the first semester of 2017.
  • The vast majority of participants in the End of Protection module are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection (88 %) and drafting asylum decisions (85 %). At the same time, only 38 % of trainees who completed the training investigate refugee fraud/work on cessation.
  • Two national training sessions were organised in the module in 2016, respectively in Finland and Netherlands.
  • Since 2012, 103 participants representing 12 Member States, Norway and other stakeholders have been trained in the End of Protection module.
  • The End of Protection module is only available in English.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the End of Protection module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the End of Protection module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the End of Protection module in 2016

No EASO Train-the-Trainers’ sessions organised in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the End of Protection module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the End of Protection module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the End of Protection module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the End of Protection module

Reading example: 88 % of participants registered in the End of Protection module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.11 Reception module

  • The Reception module was developed in 2014-2015 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session held in November 2015. The pilot training was attended by 13 participants from four Member States, Norway and other stakeholders.
  • The second train-the-trainers’ session was organised in 2016 gathering 14 participants from eight Member States and other stakeholders.
  • The Reception module was delivered for the first time at national level in Sweden in 2016.
  • Since 2015, 45 participants from 11 Member States, Norway, Switzerland and other stakeholders have been trained in the Reception module.
  • The vast majority of participants in the Reception module (93%) are responsible for undertaking first fact-gathering interviews, interviewing applicants for international protection drafting asylum decisions while 89% are analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview.
  • The Reception module is available in English only.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Reception module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Reception module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Reception module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Reception module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Evidence Assessment module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Reception module in 2016

Profile of participants in the Reception module

Reading example: 93 % of participants registered in the Reception module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.12 Dublin III Regulation module

  • Trend in implementation of the Dublin III Regulation module in the EU+ States has varied over time. The number of participants in 2016 was the same as in 2015 (109).
  • The module on Dublin III Regulation has been upgraded throughout 2015 and the pilot train-the-trainers’ session was delivered in June 2016.
  • The vast majority of participants in the Dublin III Regulation module are responsible for drafting asylum decisions (88 %), analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview (67 %) and supervision/review of other caseworkers’ asylum decisions.
  • In 2016, 12 training sessions (one train-the-trainers’ session and 11 national training sessions) were organised in the module compared to 14 sessions in 2015.
  • In 2016, the Dublin III Regulation module was followed by 109 participants representing nine Member States, Norway, Switzerland and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 437 participants from 26 Member States, Switzerland, Norway and other stakeholders have been trained in the Dublin III Regulation module.
  • The Dublin III Regulation module is available in two language versions (English and German).

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Dublin III Regulation module (2012-2016)

Implementation of Dublin III Regulation module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Dublin III Regulation module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Dublin III Regulation module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Dublin III Regulation module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Dublin III Regulation module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Dublin III Regulation module

Reading example: 39 % of participants registered in the Dublin III Regulation module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.13 Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module

  • The Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module was developed in 2015-2016 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session held in December 2016. The pilot training was attended by 17 participants from seven Member States, Norway and other stakeholders.
  • The second train-the-trainers’ session is foreseen in the second half of 2017.
  • Two third of the participants in the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module are responsible for analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting and proposal of asylum decisions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module per Member States in 2016

Profile of participants in the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module

Reading example: 33% of participants registered in the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.14 Module for Managers

  • The Module for Managers had been developed throughout 2013 and 2014 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session organised in the second semester of 2014. The second train-the-trainers’ session was organised in 2015 with 15 participants from six Member States. In 2016, the number of participants has significantly increased to 70 (+102%).
  • The Module for Managers has been delivered for the first time at national level in 2016 in Finland (two national training sessions including 64 Finnish participants).
  • Since 2014, 102 participants from 12 Member States have been trained in the Module for Managers.
  • The vast majority of participants in the Module for Managers (94 %) supervise/review other caseworkers’ decisions.
  • The Module for Managers is available in English only.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Module for Managers (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Module for Managers (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Module for Managers per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Module for Managers per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Module for Managers in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Module for Managers 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Module for Managers module

Reading example: 93 % of participants registered in the Module for Managers performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

4.15 Common European Asylum System module

  • The Common European Asylum System module was developed in 2012-2013 with the pilot train-the-trainers’ session held in December 2013. The module replaced the EU Asylum Law and Policy. Due to the new legislative package tabled by the Commission in 2016, the review of the Common European Asylum System module was on hold in order to assess the progress in negotiations on new directives and regulations.
  • Significant progress in the implementation of the Common European Asylum System module has been observed since its development in 2013. During the pilot train-the-trainers’ session in 2013 the module was followed by 10 asylum officials, while in 2014 the overall number of participants increased to 64 and 188 participants in 2015. A significant decrease has been observed in 2016 with 22 participants (-88%).
  • The majority of participants in the Common European Asylum System module are responsible for drafting asylum decisions (63%), analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview (51%) and interviewing applicants for international protection (33%).
  • In 2016, three training sessions (one train-the-trainers’ session and two national training sessions) were organised in the module compared to 14 sessions in 2015.
  • In 2016, the Common European Asylum System module was followed by 22 participants representing four Member States, Norway and other stakeholders.
  • Since 2012, 296 participants from 15 Member States, Norway and other stakeholders have been trained in training sessions in the EU Asylum Law and Policy module and then the Common European Asylum System module.
  • The Common European Asylum System module is available in three language versions (English, French and Arabic).
  • In 2013 the Handbook on the Common European Asylum System module was developed. The handbook is available in 19 language versions.

Number of participants and number of train-the-trainers’ and national sessions in the Common European Asylum System module (2012-2016)

Implementation of the Common European Asylum System module (total number of participants as well as the number of national training sessions 2012-2016)

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Common European Asylum System module per Member States in 2016

Participations in train-the-trainers’ sessions in the Common European Asylum System module per Member States (2012-2016)

Participations in EASO trainings in the Common European Asylum System module in 2016

Participations in EASO trainings in the Common European Asylum System module 2012-2016

Profile of participants in the Common European Asylum System module

Reading example: 33 % of participants registered in the Common European Asylum System module performed the following task: ‘Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings’ as stated in the registration forms.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

 

5. EASO Operational Training

In 2016 EASO organised 10 operational trainings for 284 experts deployed in the Greek hotspot to assist the Greek Asylum Service in examining the applications for international protection in the framework of the border procedure.

The trainings were targeting mostly case officers, team leaders and vulnerability experts. They were organised by EASO in close cooperation with the Greek Asylum Service.

The operational trainings were composed of the following sessions:

  • Refreshers on the EASO core training modules (Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment)
  • Standard operating procedures
  • Templates
  • Session on vulnerability assessment
  • Practical case studies
  • Country of origin information
  • Dublin III Procedure
  • Security briefing
  • Press and media

In 2016 EASO also organised an extensive training programme for junior case officers, who upon completion of the training were deployed in the Greek hotspots for a period not shorter than 4 months. The training programme was composed of three main phases:

  • Phase 1: Training in the core modules of the EASO Training Curriculum (Inclusion, Interview Techniques and Evidence Assessment)
    • 60-65 hours of online studies divided into 8 working days
    • 6 days of face-to-face sessions (2 day session per module)
  • Phase 2: Operational training (2.5 days) with the content as mentioned above
  • Phase 3: On the job coaching in the hotspots (10 days)

6. EASO training factsheets for EU+ States, 2016

6.1 Austria

Summary

  • During the last two years number of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum from Austria is increasing.
  • 125 participants from Austria have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • 4 participants from Austria have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Interview Techniques, Exclusion and Reception.
  • In 2016, Austria has organised EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (87 participants) and Interview Techniques (34 participants).
  • Since 2012, 12 participants from Austria attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 184 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 15 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 98% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants. In addition 95% of them undertake of first fact-gathering interviews; registration; screening and/ or referral of incoming cases.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Austria 2015

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Austria from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Austria in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Austria in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Austria in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Austria by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Austria by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Austria (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Austria in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 98% of participants registered in national trainings by Austria performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 192 participants from Austria with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Exclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Reception
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.2 Belgium

Summary

  • The trend in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Belgium has varied since 2012, with a peak in 2014, slight decrese in 2015 and considerable increase again in 2016.
  • 317 participants from Belgium have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • 16 participants from Belgium have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Country of Origin Information, Reception and Dublin III Regulation.
  • In 2016, Belgium has organised EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (129 participants), Evidence Assessment (150) and Interviewing Children (22).
  • Since 2012, 27 participants from Belgium attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 869 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 32 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 86% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 82% of them are responsible for analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and 81% are responsible for drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Belgium 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Belgium from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Belgium in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Belgium in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Belgium in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Belgium by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Belgium by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Belgium (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Belgium in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 87% of participants registered in national trainings by Belgium performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 723 participants from Belgium with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Reception, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.3 Bulgaria

Summary

  • The implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Bulgaria started in 2014 when three national training sessions with 38 participants were organized. In 2015 Bulgaria did not organise any national training session.
  • 14 participants from Bulgaria have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • 10 participants from Bulgaria have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Interviewing Children, Dublin III Regulation and Common European Asylum System.
  • In 2016, Bulgaria has organised one EASO national training session in the Dublin III Regulation modules (four participants).
  • Since 2012, 34 participants from Bulgaria attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 42 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to one participant trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 85% of the trainees are responsible for analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview as well as drafting asylum decisions. In addition, 76% of them interview asylum applicants.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Bulgaria 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Bulgaria from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Bulgaria in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Bulgaria in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Bulgaria in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Bulgaria per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Bulgaria per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Bulgaria (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Bulgaria in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 77% of participants registered in national trainings by Bulgaria performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 69 participants from Bulgaria with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Country of Origin Information, Reception, Dublin Regulation, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

Conducting national trainings is essential for SAR due to the dynamic migration process – the changes in the number and profile of asylum seekers as well as the increasing complexity of cases involving the process of reuniting unaccompanied minors with their families, humanitarian clauses, etc. In addition, conducting national trainings leads to the accumulation of human capital workforce equipped with complex and detailed knowledge. As a result, the trainees prioritize practical approaches that they apply in practice. However, the multiplying effect of training, currently equal to one, remains weak. This is largely due to the fact that no national trainings were conducted in 2015 and in 2016 - a single training was conducted on Dublin III Module. Therefore, in total, since 2012 until now 34 people have attended the Train-the-Trainers sessions and 42 trainees – have attended the national trainings.

In view of the above-mentioned facts, national trainings consisting of three modules are being organized in 2nd Semester of 2017, involving a total of 64 people on all three modules – i.e., Interviewing vulnerable persons – 30 participants, Interviewing Techniques – 22 participants, Inclusion – 12 participants.

In addition, conducting national trainings on EASO modules regularly is always useful in view of the dynamics of SAR’s staff mobility. A concrete example for this is the training on the Dublin module in August 2016. Currently, only one of the four participants still works at/for SAR.

6.4 Croatia

Summary

  • While organizing two national training sessions with 27 participants in 2014, in 2015 Croatia did not take part in the EASO Training Curriculum.
  • 12 participants from Croatia have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • No participation from Croatia in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016
  • In 2016, Croatia has organised one EASO national training session in Dublin III Regulation module (12 participants).
  • Since 2012, 10 participants from Croatia attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 99 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 4 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In the terms of profile of participants in the EASO Traning Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 97% of the trainees are interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 76% of them analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview, draft asylum decisions and present asylum cases at the appeal stage.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Croatia 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Croatia from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Croatia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participation from Croatia EASO in train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016.

Graph 3: Participants from Croatia in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Croatia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Croatia per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Croatia per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Croatia (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Croatia in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 98% of participants registered in national trainings by Croatia performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 46 participants from Croatia with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.5 Cyprus

Summary

  • The trend in implementation of the EASO Trining Curriculum in Cyprus remained stable till 2015. However in 2016 no participantion of Cyprus in EASO Training Curriculum was observed.
  • Since 2012, 9 participants from Cyprus attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 57 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 6 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 82% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants, COI research, analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting of asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Cyprus 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Cyprus from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Cyprus in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participants from Cyprus in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016.

Graph 3: Participants from Cyprus in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Cyprus in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Cyprus per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Cyprus in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Cyprus per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Cyprus (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Cyprus in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 58% of participants registered in national trainings by Cyprus performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 60 participants from Cyprus with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Country of Origin Information, Reception, Dublin Regulation, Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.6 Czech Republic

Summary

  • The trend in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in the Czech Republic has varied over time. While in 2015 33 participants attended training sessions, in 2016 only two participants attented EASO Training Curriculum.
  • Two participants from Czech Republic have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion and Exclusion.
  • No national training session on EASO Training Curriculum has been organised in Czech Republic in 2016.
  • Since 2012, nine participants from Czech Republic attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 122 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 14 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 94% of the trainees are responsible for undertaking of first fact-gathering interviews, interviewing asylum applicants, analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Czech Republic 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Czech Republic from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Czech Republic in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Czech Republic in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Czech Republic in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Czech Republic per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Czech Republic in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Czech Republic per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Czech Republic (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Czech Republic in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 94% of participants registered in national trainings by Czech Republic performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 35 participants from Czech Republic with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information
Analytical context provided by Member State:

For the year 2017, an active participation of the Czech republic in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions is foreseen together with organisation of two national training sessions: Trafficking of Human Beings in December 2017 and Dublin III Regulation in January 2018.

6.7 Denmark

Summary

  • One participant from Denmark has attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • One participant from Denmark has attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in the Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU.
  • No national training session has been organised in Denmark in 2016.
  • Since 2012, seven participants from Denmark attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while six participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to one participant trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 100% of the trainees are responsible for drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Denmark 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Denmark from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Denmark in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Denmark in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Denmark in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Denmark per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Denmark in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Denmark per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Denmark (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Denmark in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 33% of participants registered in national trainings by Denmark performed the task “Analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 6 participants from Denmark with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Exclusion, Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

It is estimated that exclusion courses and Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU courses are very relevant to many of our employees, in particular in order to pass on knowledge learned on the courses of newly employed employees – “train the trainer”.

Unfortunately, it has not been possible to pass on or preserve knowledge as desired, as there has been a change in staff the past recent.

For the future, we will look at courses that are relevant to our employees, especially courses that can be offered to our more experienced employees as part of their development, but also as a retention element.

6.8 Estonia

Summary

  • Estonia has been using the EASO Training Curriculum mainly in the framework of the train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • Three participants from Estonia have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Exclusion, Country of Origin Information and Module for Managers.
  • No national training session has been organised in Estonia in 2016.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 80% of the trainees are responsible for COI research. In addition, 66% of them interview applicants for international protection, analyse facts and documentation following the interview and draft asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Estonia 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Estonia from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Estonia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Estonia in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Estonia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Estonia per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Estonia in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Estonia per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Estonia over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Estonia (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Estonia in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 67% of participants registered in national trainings by Estonia performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 15 participants from Estonia with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

Estonia appreciates continuously the possibility to attend train-the-trainer sessions and regional train-the-trainer sessions disregarding the fact that no national trainings have been organized so far. Due to the current nature of the organization of training activities national trainings are not performed however in the nearest future it is planned to incorporate the training activities into the general training plan of the Academy of the Security Studies of Estonia.

6.9 Finland

Summary

  • After an initial implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Finland in previous years, a significant increase in the number of participants has been observed in 2015 and especially 2016. 738 particpants attended EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 which makes an increase of 113% in comparison to 2015.
  • 23 participants from Finland have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Asylum Procedures Directive, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Reception, Dublin III Regulation, Module for Managers and Common European Asylum System.
  • In 2016, Finland has organised 42 EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (262 participants), Interview Techniques (244), Evidence Assessment (53), Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (12), Interviewing Children (23), Exclusion (39), End of Protection (8) and Dublin III Regulation (10).
  • Since 2012, 43 participants from Finland attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 1317 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 31 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • Among the participants from Finland who attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions, four are from the Finnish judicial administration and followed the following modules: Evidence Assessment, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information and Module for Managers.
  • The Finnish judicial administration has organised two national training session in the following modules: Inclusion (13 participants) and Evidence Assessment (12 participants).
  • In terms of the profile of the participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that 98% of the trainees are responsible for drafting asylum decisions and 94% of them analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview. In addition, 86% of then interview asylum applicants and 78% present asylum cases during the appeals process.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Finland 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Finland from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Finland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Finland in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Finland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Finland by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Finland by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Finland (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Finland in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 87% of participants registered in national trainings by Finland performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 1214 participants from Finland with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, End of Protection, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

During the influx in Europe in 2015, Finnish Immigration Service recruited a lot of new staff, most of them caseworkers who had to be trained as fast as possible. New trainers were trained and all the new recruits were given Inclusion, Interview Techniques and Evidence Assessment. Due to this huge training effort, there were only few other modules being trained for the senior staff. Later on they have received trainings on the Advanced and Optional Modules, especially at the end of 2016 and beginning of 2017.

AMIF- project called FLOW commenced at the beginning of 2016. The key objective is to improve the efficiency and quality of the initial part of the asylum procedure by developing stakeholder cooperation, data exchange and professional competences. Part of the project is training APD and CEAS to a selected group at the office, e.g. Heads of Sections. We are well aware that there will be changes in the directives and thus in the modules, but it was considered important to give these people a broader perspective to the world of asylum now. The face to faces have been held at the beginning of 2017.

6.10 France

Summary

  • The trend in implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in France has varied over time. A significant increase in the number of participants in the EASO training modules was observed in France in 2015 and 2016.
  • 206 participants from France have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Four participants from France have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Exclusion and Country of Origin Information.
  • In 2016, France has organised 16 EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (120 participants), Interview Techniques (65) and Interviewing Children (17).
  • Since 2012, 16 participants from France attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 569 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 36 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 93% of the trainees are responsible for analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview. In addition, 90% of them interview asylum seekers and draft asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: France 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in France from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from France in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from France in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from France in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in France per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in France per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in France (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from France in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 91% of participants registered in national trainings by France performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 458 participants from France with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, End of Protection
Analytical context provided by Member State:

Over 2015 and 2016, France has recruited a significant number of new staff for its determining authority. These new recruits are generally caseworkers. As such, they are systematically trained with two modules as part of their initial training: the Inclusion module and the Interviewing Techniques module. Since some of the new staff joined OFPRA at the end of the year, its training spread over 2016 and 2017 which explains the difference between the numbers of participants for those two modules.

The Interviewing Children module, on the other end, is delivered only to experienced caseworkers who are specifically selected for these particular cases. It explains the relatively low number of participants.

As for participants to 2016 train-the-trainers’ sessions on Exclusion and Country of origin modules, they are expected to deliver their first national sessions in 2017.

6.11 Germany

Summary

  • The implementation of EASO Training Curriculum has increased significantly in Germany since 2012 with a peak in 2016 with 1390 participants in the national training sessions. In comparison to 2015 it makes increase of 193%.
  • 68 participants from Germany have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Dublin III Regulation and Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU.
  • Germany organised three regional train-the-trainers’ sessions in the following modules: Interviewing Vulnerable Persons and Interviewing Children.
  • In 2016, Germany has organised 84 EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (807 participants), Interview Techniques (374), Evidence Assessment (121), Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (34), Interviewing Children (22) and Dublin III Regulation (15).
  • Since 2012, 135 participants from Germany attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 2095 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 16 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants from germany in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted, that in their daily work 99% of trainees are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection, analysing facts and documentation following the asylum interview and/ or drafting decisions on international prtection.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Germany 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Germany from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Germany in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Germany in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Germany in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Germany by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Germany by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Germany (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Germany in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 99% of participants registered in national trainings by Germany performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 2199 participants from Germany with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, End of Protection, Dublin Regulation, Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU, Module for Managers, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

The response to the high influx of asylum seekers was a large increase in hiring employees for the German Federal Office for Migration and Refugees. The consistent training of both newly recruited staff and newly recruited national trainers by use of the ETC modules is causative for the large increase of operated trainings in 2015 and 2016.

6.12 Greece

Summary

  • A trend in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Greece has varied over time. A peak in the implementation was observed in 2013, followed by a decrease in number of participants in the EASO training modules in 2014 and increase in 2015 and 2016 again.
  • 415 participants from Greece have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 which is increase of 117% in comparison to 2015.
  • 43 participants from Greece have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Children, Asylum Procedures Directive, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU, Module for Managers and Common European Asylum System.
  • In 2016, Greece has organised EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (259 participants), Interview Techniques (38), Evidence Assessment (38) and Country of Origin Information (37).
  • Since 2012, 140 participants from Greece attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 1170 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 8 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 88% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants, COI research, analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Greece 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Greece from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Greece in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Greece in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Greece in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Greece by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Greece per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Greece (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Greece in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 89% of participants registered in national trainings by Greece performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 866 participants from Greece with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Asylum Procedures Directive, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

The fluctuation in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Greece over the years from 2013 to 2016 is very much a reflection of the fluctuation in the exigencies and crises faced by the Greek asylum system in these years. The peak in 2013 reflects a period of intensive and extensive training as the Asylum Service was gearing up to begin operations on 7 June of that year and was, therefore, in the process of training its newly appointed staff (case workers in their overwhelming majority).

The peak of 2016 (and, to a lesser extent, of 2015) reflects the recent refugee crisis faced by Greece, and the consequent scramble to staff the Hotspots in the Aegean Islands (as well as several newly-established asylum offices and units on the mainland). Equally important, this more recent peak reflects the Asylum Service’s practice of employing large numbers of fixed-term staff (again the vast majority being case workers), their salaries paid by AMIF and EEA grants. The forecast for the remainder of the year 2017 and for at least the first quarter of 2018, probably bespeaks of yet another peak in training activity as the Asylum Service is expecting another batch of fixed-term staff and, later on, a cohort of approximately 200 newly appointed civil servants.

6.13 Hungary

Summary

Starting from 2013 there was a constant increase of participation of Hungary in the EASO Training Curriculum, however in 2016 Hungary did not take part in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Since 2012, 16 participants from Hungary attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 451 participants attended national training sessions.

The multiplier effect amounts to 28 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.

In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 94% of the trainees are responsible for drafting asylum decisions. In addition, 87% of them analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview and 86% of them interview asylum applicants and investigate refugee fraud (cancellation procedures).

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Hungary 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Hungary from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Hungary in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participation from Hungary in EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 3: Participants from Hungary in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Hungary in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Hungary per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Hungary in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Hungary per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Hungary (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Hungary in the EASO Training Curriculum

Reading example: 86% of participants registered in national trainings by Hungary performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 456 participants from Hungary with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.14 Ireland

Summary

  • Since 2013 there is a constant increase in use of the EASO Training Curriculum in Ireland.
  • 34 participants from Ireland have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • One participant from Ireland has attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the Exclusion module.
  • In 2016, Ireland has organised one EASO national training session in the Country of Origin Information module (33 participants).
  • Since 2012, 5 participants from Ireland attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 91 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 18 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 95% of the trainees are responsible for COI research and 23% of them are drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Ireland 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Ireland from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Ireland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Ireland in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Ireland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Ireland per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Ireland per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Ireland (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Ireland in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 95% of participants registered in national trainings by Ireland performed the task “COI research (including participation in fact finding mission)” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 64 participants from Ireland with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.15 Italy

Summary

  • The implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Italy started in 2014 and the increase in use of the EASO training modules was further observed in 2015. In 2016 368 participants from Italy took part in EASO training Curriculum which makes an increase of 122% in comparison to the previous year.
  • Five participants from Italy have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment and Country of Origin Information.
  • In 2016, Italy has organised 10 EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (164 participants), Interview Techniques (97) and Evidence Assessment (102).
  • Since 2012, 34 participants from Italy attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 600 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 18 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 97% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 96% of them do COI research and analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and 94% are reponsible for drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Italy 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Italy from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Italy in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Italy in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Italy in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Italy per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Italy per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Italy (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Italy in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 98% of participants registered in national trainings by Italy performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 628 participants from Italy with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Children, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers

Analytical context provided by Member State:

The increased number of international protection applications and the resulting enhancement of the designated offices have required an appropriate training programme of the personnel. Italy primarily organised EASO courses on the three core modules: “Inclusion”, “Interview Techniques” and “Evidence Assessment”. Due to the high number of Unaccompanied Minors (UM), who have applied for the international protection, a specific translation of the related modules has been requested in order to soon organise ad hoc modules.

The very interesting and helpful EASO’s training courses enabled quality improvements in the decision-making process. We are extremely interested not only in the core modules but also in the others, however when available in Italian.

6.16 Latvia

Summary

  • Latvia has been using the EASO Training Curriculum mainly in the framework of the train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In 2016, 11 participants from Latvia have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session the following modules: Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Country of Origin Information, Reception and Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU.
  • No national training session has been organised in Latvia in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 40 participants from Latvia attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 100% of the trainees are responsilbe for drafting proposal of asylum decisions. In addition, 85% of them interview appliants for international protection and perform COI research.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Latvia 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Latvia from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Latvia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Latvia in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Latvia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Latvia per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Latvia in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Latvia per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Latvia over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Latvia (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists
* Two Latvian participants attended a training session in the EASO Training Curriculum in Inclusion module organised within the “Prague Process” project in in Warsaw January 2013.

Section II, Profile of participants from Latvia in the EASO Training Curriculum

Reading example: 86% of participants registered in national trainings by Latvia performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 21 participants from Latvia with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU, Reception.
Analytical context provided by Member State:

In January 2016, the new Asylum Law came into force and in accordance with the provisions of the law some functions were handed over between responsible institutions in asylum procedure. As a result the Asylum Affairs Division (AAD) of the Office of Citizenship and Migration Affairs started to conduct personal interviews with asylum seekers; therefore (starting from the mid-2015) the main emphasis was on participation in EASO trainings on interviewing (Interviewing Techniques, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children).

The main challenge for AAD during the year 2016 was staff turnover and necessity for each staff member to be able to perform different tasks and functions – to ensure that in case if someone of staff members is leaving, there still are employees who have necessary knowledge and skills to ensure continuity of work. As the main target groups for trainings were newcomers and interviewers, there were not enough possibilities given to the experienced staff members to refresh and improve their proficiency by participation in the EASO training.

6.17 Lithuania

Summary

  • Lithuania has been using the EASO Training Curriculum mainly in the framework of train-the-trainners’ sessions.
  • No national training sessions in the EASO Training Curriculum has been organized in Lithuania so far.
  • No participation from Lithuania in EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 12 participants from Lithuania attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 50% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing applicants for international protection, analysing facts and documentation following the interview, drafting proposal of asylum decisions and presenting as well as defending their and other caseworkers’ decisions at appeal.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Lithuania 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Lithuania from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Lithuania in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participation from Lithuania in train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 3: Participants from Lithuania in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Lithuania in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Lithuania per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Lithuania in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Lithuania per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Lithuania over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Lithuania (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Lithuania in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 50% of participants registered in national trainings by Lithuania performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 8 participants from Lithuania with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.18 Luxembourg

Summary

  • After an initial implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Luxembourg in 2012, a decrease in the use of the EASO training modules was observed in 2013 and 2014, followed by increase in 2015 and 2016.
  • 54 participants from Luxembourg have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • 4 participants from Luxembourg have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Reception and Module for Managers.
  • In 2016, Luxembourg has organised EASO five national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (11 participants), Interview Techniques (6), Evidence Assessment (10) and Exclusion (22).
  • Since 2012, 16 participants from Luxembourg attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 124 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 8 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 65% of the trainees are responsible for interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 51% of them draft asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Luxembourg 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Luxembourg from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Luxembourg in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Luxembourg in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Luxembourg in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Luxembourg per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Luxembourg per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Luxembourg (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Luxembourg in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 66% of participants registered in national trainings by Luxembourg performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 82 participants from Luxembourg with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

In the frame of the influx of asylum seekers to Luxembourg in autumn 2015, the Directorate for Immigration recruited new staff to strengthen the capacity of its “Refugee Service”. In the wake of the new recruitments Luxembourg ambitioned to train these new colleagues in a short period of time to make them fit for their respective jobs (decision makers and interviewers).

This approach lead to a considerable increase in the trainings delivered in 2015 and 2016 and in the numbers of participants trained in the various EASO Modules, and particular in the four core modules. Currently Luxembourg has trained over 90% of its staff in the four core modules and aims to achieve a similar rate for the other modules - it has trainers for. Besides this Luxembourg is trying to develop its internal trainer pool to be able to offer a greater choice of EASO modules to the staff of the “Refugee Service”.

6.19 Malta

Summary

  • Malta has been using the EASO Training Curriculum mainly in the framework of the train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • 10 participants from Malta have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • 10 participants from Malta have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information and Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU.
  • No national training session has been organised in Malta in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 58 participants from Malta attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while no national training session has been organised in Malta.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 95% of the trainees are responsible for undertaking of first fact-gathering interviews and analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview. In addition, 90% of them are interviewing asylum applicants, researching COI and drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Malta 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Malta from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Malta in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Malta in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Malta in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Malta per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Malta in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Malta per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Malta over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Malta (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Malta in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 91% of participants registered in national trainings by Malta performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 22 participants from Malta with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender identity and Sexual Orientation, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Module for Managers, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

The Office of the Refugee Commissioner does not need to organise national trainings after case workers attend train-the-trainer sessions for various reasons. Indeed the Office is a small office with a small number of case workers and therefore whenever training needs arise, case workers are sent directly to the train-the-trainer sessions at EASO. Moreover since EASO is situated in Malta, there are no expenses incurred when sending case workers for training. Therefore the office does not have limitations related to expenses when sending case workers for such training sessions. Also the office is of the opinion that EASO train-the-trainer sessions always have a positive impact on the case workers since such training sessions enrich the quality of cases within the office.

6.20 Netherlands

Summary

  • The trend in implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in the Netherlands has been constantly increasing with a peak observed in 2016.
  • 909 participants from the Netherlands have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016 (836 persons in 2015, 436 persons in 2014).
  • 3 participants from Netherlands have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation module.
  • In 2016, Netherlands has 81 organised EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Inclusion (245 participants), Interview Techniques (254), Evidence Assessment (117), Interviewing Vulnerable Persons (108), Interviewing Children (105), Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation (33), Exclusion (33) and End of Protection (10).
  • Since 2012, 55 participants from Netherlands attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 2626 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 48 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum, it shall be noted that 98% of trainees are responsible for undertaking of first fact-gathering interviews; registration; screening and/or referral of incoming cases. In addition 96% of them interview applicants for international protection, and/ or draft decisions on international protection.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Netherlands 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Netherlands from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Netherlands in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Netherlands in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Netherlands in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Netherlands by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Netherlands by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Netherlands (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Netherlands in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 97% of participants registered in national trainings by Netherlands performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 2269 participants from Netherlands with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, End of Protection, Dublin Regulation, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

The large number of participants in national training sessions in 2015 and 2016 can be explained by the fact that large groups of temporary caseworkers have been recruited in order to cope with the workload caused by the high asylum influx. The Inclusion and Interview Techniques training are mandatory for our (new) caseworkers (and in a later stage Evidence Assessment and Interviewing Vulnerabl Persons also).

6.21 Norway

Summary

  • Between 2015 and 2016 there was a slight decrease of activity level in the EASO Training Curriculum in Norway.
  • 14 participants from Norway have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Two participants from Norway have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Reception and Dublin III Regulation.
  • In 2016, Norway has organised one EASO national training session in the Dublin III Regulation module (12 participants).
  • Since 2012, 11 participants from Norway attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 46 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 4 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 97% of the trainees are responsible for drafting asylum decisions. In addition, 55% of them supervise/ review asylum decisions of other case workers.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Norway 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Norway from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Norway in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Norway in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Norway in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Norway per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Norway per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Norway (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Norway in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 30% of participants registered in national trainings by Norway performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 40 participants from Norway with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment, Dublin Regulation, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.22 Poland

Summary

  • Following the initial implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Poland, the trend remained stable over 2013 and 2014. In 2015 and 2016, no national training sessions in the EASO training modules were organised.
  • Seven participants from Poland have attended EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Seven participants from Poland have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Country of Origin Information, Dublin III Regulation and Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EU.
  • Since 2012, 22 participants from Poland attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 22 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 1 participant trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum, it shall be noted that in their daily work 75% of the trainees are responsible for analysing facts and documentation following an asylum interview. In addition, 65% of them interview asylum applicants and draft asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Poland 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Poland from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Poland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Poland in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Poland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Poland per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Poland in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Poland per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Poland (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Poland in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 66% of participants registered in national trainings by Poland performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 32 participants from Poland with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.23 Portugal

Summary

  • Portugal has been using the EASO Training Curriculum mainly in the framework of the train-the-trainers’ sessions. No national training session has been organised in Portugal since 2012.
  • Two participants from Portugal have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Two participants from Portugal have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Interviewing Children and Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation.
  • Since 2012, six participants from Portugal attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 100% of the trainees are reponsible for interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 50% of them are responsible for undertaking of first fact-gathering interviews, COI research, analysis of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Portugal 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Portugal from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Portugal in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Portugal in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Portugal in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Portugal per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Portugal in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Portugal per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Portugal over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Portugal (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Portugal in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 100% of participants registered in national trainings by Portugal performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 2 participants from Portugal with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Interviewing Children, Country of Origin Information
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.24 Romania

Summary

  • The trend in the implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Romania has varied over time with a decrease in 2015 and 2016.
  • Four participants from Romania have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Four participants from Romania have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Reception, Dublin III Regulation, Fundamental Rights and International Protection in the EI and Module for Managers.
  • No national training session has been organised in Romania in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 9 participants from Romania attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 122 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 14 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 73% of the trainees are responsible for analysing of facts and documentation following an asylum interview. In addition, 58% of them are interviewing asylum aplicants and 51% are drafting asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Romania 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Romania from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Romania in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016

Graph 3: Participants from Romania in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Romania in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Romania per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Romania in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Romania per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Romania (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Romania in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 58% of participants registered in national trainings by Romania performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 60 participants from Romania with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Country of Origin Information, Reception, Dublin Regulation, Fundamentals Rights and International Protection in the EU, Module for Managers
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.25 Slovakia

Summary

  • The trend in implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Slovakia is variable. After the increase of level of participation in 2014 and 2015, the decrease was noted in 2016.
  • 14 participants from Slovakia have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Three participants from Slovakia have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion and Exclusion.
  • In 2016, Slovakia has organised EASO one national training session in the Country of Origin Information module with 11 participants.
  • Since 2012, 19 participants from Slovakia attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 113 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 6 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 61% of the trainees are interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 57% of them draft asylum decisions and 29% analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Slovakia 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Slovakia from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Slovakia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Slovakia in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Slovakia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Slovakia per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Slovakia per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Slovakia (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Slovakia in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 61% of participants registered in national trainings by Slovakia performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 46 participants from Slovakia with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

In 2016, the only national training session in COI module has been organised in Slovakia, with 11 participants. In addition, 3 participants from Slovakia have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016.

The number of training activities decreased due to the fact, that Slovakia hold Presidency in the EU Council in the second semester 2016, and most of experts were dedicated to this agenda.

Nevertheless, the EASO Training Curriculum hasn´t ceased to be continuously implemented in Slovakia. Since 2012, 19 participants from Slovakia attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 113 participants attended national training sessions.

6.26 Slovenia

Summary

  • Participation of Slovenia in the EASO Training Curriculum has decreased over the last couple of years.
  • One participant from Slovenia has attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • One participant from Slovenia has attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation modules.
  • No national training session has been organised in Slovenia in 2016.
  • Since 2012, 8 participants from Slovenia attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 57 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 7 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 42% of the trainees are responsible for analysing of facts and documentation following an asylum interview and drafting asylum decisions. In addition, 40% of them are interviewing asylum applicants.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Slovenia 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Slovenia from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Slovenia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Slovenia in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Slovenia in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Slovenia per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Slovenia in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Slovenia per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Slovenia (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Slovenia in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 41% of participants registered in national trainings by Slovenia performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 59 participants from Slovenia with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, End of Protection
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

6.27 Spain

Summary

  • No national training session in the EASO Training Curriculum has been organised in Spain since 2012.
  • Three participants from Spain have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Three participants from Spain have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment and Common European Asylum System.
  • Since 2012, eight participants from Spain attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 75% of the trainees are responsible for analysing of facts and documentation following an asylum interview, drafting of asylum decisions and presentation of asylum cases during the appeals procedures.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Spain 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Spain from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Spain in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Spain in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Spain in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Spain per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in Spain in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Spain per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in Spain over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Spain (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Spain in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 25% of participants registered in national trainings by Spain performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 4 participants from Spain with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

During the second semester of 2017 it is foreseen a session of training on trafficking in human beings provided by the persons who participated in the module trafficking in human Beings.

6.28 Sweden

Summary

  • Following the constant implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Sweden, with a yearly increase in the number of participants trained and the number of training sessions organized, and a heigh point being in 2014 with 750 participants trained, a decrease was recorded both on 2015 (539 participants) and 2016 (549 participants).
  • 24 participants from Sweden have attended EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016 in the following modules: Inclusion, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Reception and Dublin III Regulation.
  • In 2016, Sweden has organised 29 EASO national training sessions on the following modules: Inclusion (158 participants), Interview Techniques (69), Evidence Assessment (91), Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation (16), Exclusion (100), Country of Origin Information (29), Reception (18) and Dublin III Regulation (44).
  • Since 2012, 110 participants from Sweden attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 2632 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 24 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that 90% of trainees investigate refugee fraud (cancellation procedures) and supervise/ review asylum decisions of other caseworkers. In addition, 86% of participants interview asylum seekers and 73% draft asylum decisions and analyse facts and documentation following an asylum interview.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Sweden 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Sweden from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Sweden in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

Graph 3: Participants from Sweden in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Sweden in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Sweden by module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Sweden by module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Sweden (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Sweden in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 97% of participants registered in national trainings by Sweden performed the task “Preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 1976 participants from Sweden with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Inclusion, Interview Techniques, Evidence Assessment, Interviewing Vulnerable Persons, Interviewing Children, Gender, Gender Identity and Sexual Orientation, Exclusion, Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation, Common European Asylum System
Analytical context provided by Member State:

Due to the high number of asylum seekers all national trainings were cancelled in October-December 2015 and 2016, the reason being why the number of training sessions seems to have peaked in 2014 only to decrease in 2015 and 2016.

So far during the first semester of 2017 we have trained over 500 participants. For the second semester our aim is to train over 750 participants. In total we are planning to train more than 1250 participant at 75 sessions during 2017.

We anticipate that the demand for the EASO Training Curriculum will be about the same in 2018 as it was 2017.

6.29 Switzerland

Summary

  • The implementation of the EASO Training Curriculum in Switzerland is increasing since 2013.
  • 19 participants from Switzerland have attented EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • No participantion from Switzerland in EASO train-the-trainers’ session in 2016.
  • In 2016, Switzerland has organised EASO national training sessions in the following modules: Country of Origin Information (8 participants) and Dublin III Regulation (11).
  • Since 2012, 6 participants from Switzerland attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions while 52 participants attended national training sessions.
  • The multiplier effect amounts to 9 participants trained at the national level by a trainer who followed one of EASO’s train-the-trainers’ session.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 59% of the trainees are interviewing asylum applicants. In addition, 35% of them are drafting asylum decisions and 29% are researching COI.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: Switzerland 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in Switzerland from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from Switzerland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participation from Switzerland in train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 3: Participants from Switzerland in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from Switzerland in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in Switzerland per module (2016)

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in Switzerland per module (2012-2016)

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in Switzerland (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from Switzerland in the EASO Training Curriculum.

Reading example: 60% of participants registered in national trainings by Switzerland performed the task “preparation and undertaking of asylum interviews and hearings” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 37 participants from Switzerland with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Country of Origin Information, Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

From 2012 to 2016, Switzerland used in general the two EASO Training modules Country of Origin and Dublin Regulation. Furthermore, we realised some Evidence Assessment Trainings in 2011.

During the first month of employment, every case officers has to pass through our internal modular basic training. The EASO Dublin module is part of the basic training for case officers at the Dublin Office in Switzerland.

Several experts from Switzerland were involved to update the EASO Training modules e.g. Interview Techniques and Human Trafficking. As from 2018, when the updates are completed, we intent to use the core modules (Inclusion, Interview Techniques and Evidence Assessment) regularly.

In the future we propose to take more advantage from the EASO Training Curriculum and make them part of the training program for our staff.

6.30 United Kingdom

Summary

  • No national training sessions in the EASO training Curriculum has been organised in United Kingdom since 2012.
  • No participation from United Kingdom in EASO Training Curriculum in 2016.
  • Since 2012, seven participants from United Kingdom attended EASO train-the-trainers’ sessions.
  • In terms of the profile of participants in the EASO Training Curriculum it shall be noted that in their daily work 100% of the trainees are responsible for supervision/ review of other caseworkers’ asylum decisions.

Section I, Progress in the EASO Training Curriculum: United Kingdom 2016

Graph 1: Training progress in the EASO Training Curriculum in United Kingdom from 2012 to 2016 (participants + sessions)

Graph 2: Participants from United Kingdom in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2016)

No participation from United Kingdom in train-the-trainers’ sessions in 2016

Graph 3: Participants from United Kingdom in train-the-trainers’ sessions (2012-2016)

Graph 4: Participants from United Kingdom in train-the-trainers’ sessions per module (2012-2016)

Graph 5: National training sessions in United Kingdom per module (2016)

No national training session has been organised in United Kingdom in 2016.

Graph 6: Participants in national training sessions in United Kingdom per module (2012-2016)

No national training session has been organised in United Kingdom over the period 2012-2016.

Graph 7: Multiplier effect - Participation in train-the-trainers’ sessions compared to national trainings delivered in United Kingdom (2012-2016)

Note: data provided from EASO training registration lists

Section II, Profile of participants from United Kingdom in the EASO Training Curriculum

Reading example: 100% of participants registered in national trainings by United Kingdom performed the task “Supervision/review of other caseworkers’ asylum decisions” as reported since July 2013.

Please note that one asylum officer may perform several tasks.

Data Sample:

  • Reporting period: July 2013 – December 2016
  • 3 participants from United Kingdom with data regarding tasks performed
  • Modules: Dublin Regulation
Analytical context provided by Member State:

No further input provided

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Print ISBN 978-92-9494-701-7   doi:10.2847/25500 BZ-AF-17-001-EN-C
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