Monitor Toolbox

Equity and inclusion

Main indicator

The share of underachievement in reading, maths and science (combined) among 15 year-olds in the lowest quarter of the index for economic, social and cultural status (ESCS). The two comparators are (1) the country average share of underachievement and (2) the share of underachievement among the highest quarter of the ESCS index. JRC calculations based on PISA data from the OECD. ().

A closer look

The main indicator can be broken down by sex and language spoken at home. In terms of inclusion, links to other EU-level indicator domains are important (e.g. the disaggregation of early leavers from education and training [] and of tertiary educational attainment []).