The European Commission contracted ICF, IEEP, PML and partners to undertake a review of the economic benefits of marine protected areas (MPAs) and other spatial protection measures (SPMs) (henceforth collectively referred to as MPAs unless specifically referring to SPMs). The study sought to compile an extensive evidence base on the benefits of MPAs to blue economy sectors, and to identify the role and best practices of measures taken to ensure that benefits are realised, maximised and compatible with MPA conservation objectives. This is the study’s final report. It provides a synthesis of... evidence, from three research tasks undertaken during 2017. Three separate stand-alone technical reports present the detailed findings of the three research tasks. In addition, an abridged version of this final report is available.