As a follow-up to its 2009 White paper on Multilevel Governance, the Scoreboard on Multilevel Governance (MLG) is the tool created by the Committee of the Regions to monitor on a yearly basis the development of MLG at European Union level. This is the first edition, covering the period 2010-2011, which provides a comparative assessment of the MLG performance at EU level under four priority policy strategies of the EU. It is based on the research performed on the dossiers Europe 2020 Strategy, Energy Strategy 2020, Stockholm Programme and the 2010 Spring Package. All dossiers are at the initial... stage of the strategy/policy making and have great potential for innovative thinking and real partnership building. In order to evaluate MLG practices, we observed how institutions have taken on board the MLG principles at the early stage of the policy-making cycle within a clearly defined timeframe. This should help the European institutions, Member States and local and regional authorities to reflect on the elements that are still missing for inclusive European governance. The Scoreboard reveals gaps in the institutional practices and detects potentials for a better MLG architecture when designing policies and strategies at EU level. The first edition shows that EU institutions make firm statements on the virtues of MLG, without practicing a mainstreamed culture of MLG in the preparatory phases of policies, meaning that there is often a lack of MLG administrative routine. The scoreboard shows that governance practices related to procedures (including information, consultation, stakeholders involvement and responsiveness) better respect the objectives of MLG than practices related to the content of the policies and the use of innovative instruments (content such as territorial approach, smart regulation, innovative instruments for implementation and partnership). Recommendations are made with regard to how to bridge the gaps of MLG and how to increase the potential of an MLG culture throughout the EU policy cycle.