Teachers' and school heads' salaries and allowances in Europe, 2011/12
The Eurydice Network has been collecting and publishing data on teachers and school heads salaries since 1995. Traditionally the information was used primarily in Key Data on Education reports, where two sections were devoted to a comparative analysis of issues related to teachers and school heads. Following the previous positive experience, the Eurydice Network decided to collect and publish on yearly basis information on the salaries and allowances for teachers and school heads. The present document is composed by three parts. In Part I, a comparative analysis based on the data provided by... each country is presented. In Part II, national sheets on teachers and school heads remunerations from pre-primary education (ISCED 0) to upper secondary education (ISCED3) are summarised. Finally, in Part III, the general methodology and definitions used in the data collection are available. For each country/region, the following elements are included in the national data sheets: - Decision-making levels for setting teachers’/school heads’ basic statutory salaries in public schools; - Salaries arrangements in the private sector; - Minimum and maximum annual gross statutory salaries of full-time fully qualified teachers/school heads’ in public schools; - Actual salary levels if available; - Information on salary increase/decrease in the last two years; - Salary allowances for teachers/school heads. Official documents issued by central (top-level) education authorities are the prime sources of information. However, in countries where such official documents do not exist, other documents and agreements which are recognised and accepted by education authorities are used. When data on actual salaries are available on the basis of representative sources such as national administrative registers, statistical databases or sample surveys, the specific source is indicated in each national data sheet concerned. Amounts are presented in the national currency and in Euros considering the average exchange rate during the reference period. The reference year for the data collection is the 2011/12 school year (September 2011-August 2012). Nevertheless, for countries where, index-linked changes in salary occur at the beginning or end of the calendar year, the information is provided for the period January-December 2012 if not indicated otherwise.