Europe’s cultural heritage is invaluable for its citizens and is irreplaceable. It provides an opportunity to gain understanding of the past and promotes a sense of social and common identity. Overtime, however, the fragility of European cultural heritage has increased and its vulnerability to the harmful effects of climate change, pollution, natural and man-made disasters, neglect, vandalism and tourism become more evident. Changing landscapes, deforestation and coastal erosion due to increasing urbanisation also take their toll. To avoid irreversible damage and loss, appropriate action is... needed at every level. The EU’s seventh framework programme supports research and innovation based solutions at transnational and international level.