Learning mobility is often a major experience in students' lives. It helps them grow professionally and academically, broadens their social networks, and develops intercultural and linguistic skills, all of which have positive repercussions on their future employability. Students' mobility also impacts on education systems and individual educational institutions, pushing them to have a more international outlook, widening their reach, and improving their quality overall. However, the path towards free movement of students, researchers and trainees in Europe is still curbed by several... obstacles, including issues related to the portability of grants and loans, the recognition of qualifications and credits, the accessibility and relevance of information and guidance, or linguistic skills. These call for a structural systemic reform to ease participation in, and access to, mobility. These 'Highlights' provide a snapshot of the Eurydice background report on higher education mobility produced to support the European Commission's Mobility Scoreboard. It has been developed to follow up on the 2011 'Youth on the Move' Recommendation of the Council of the European Union promoting the learning mobility of young people. The purpose of the Mobility Scoreboard is to provide a framework for monitoring progress made by European countries in promoting, and removing obstacles to, learning mobility. The Higher Education Mobility Scoreboard includes six indicators in five thematic areas: information and guidance, foreign language preparation, portability of grants and loans, support provided to students with low socio-economic background, recognition of learning outcomes and qualifications. The six scoreboard indicators are composite indicators combining different criteria relevant to the specific policy field. For each indicator, categories are coded with colours indicating the stage of development. The report provides background information for the six featured indicators, mapping the policy environment for international mobility of higher education students. Information for the year 2015/16 was provided by Eurydice National Units and covers the 28 EU Member States, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Iceland, Liechtenstein, Montenegro, Norway, Serbia and Turkey.