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Case C-124/21 P: Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 21 December 2023 — International Skating Union v European Commission, Mark Jan Hendrik Tuitert, Niels Kerstholt, European Elite Athletes Association (Appeal — Competition — Rules introduced by an international sports association — Skating — Private law entity vested with regulatory, control and decision-making powers, and the power to impose sanctions — Rules on the prior approval of competitions, the participation of athletes in those competitions and the arbitration rules governing conflicts — Parallel pursuit of economic activities — Organisation and marketing of competitions — Article 101(1) TFEU — Decision by an association of undertakings adversely affecting competition — Concepts of anticompetitive ‘object’ and ‘effect’ — Justification — Conditions)
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