Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 4 May 2016 Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 4 May 2016.#European Commission v Republic of Austria.#Failure of a Member State to fulfil obligations — Article 4(3) TEU — Article 288 TFEU — Directive 2000/60/EC — EU water policy — Article 4(1) — Prevention of deterioration of the status of bodies of surface water — Article 4(7) — Derogation from the prohibition of deterioration — Overriding public interest — Authorisation to construct a hydropower plant on the Schwarze Sulm River (Austria) — Deterioration of the water status.#Case C-346/14.