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Joined Cases C-357/19, C-379/19, C-547/19, C-811/19 and C-840/19: Judgment of the Court (Grand Chamber) of 21 December 2021 (requests for a preliminary ruling from the Înalta Curte de Casaţie şi Justiţie, Tribunalul Bihor — Romania) — Criminal proceedings against PM (C-357/19), RO (C-357/19), SP (C-357/19), TQ (C-357/19), KI (C-379/19), LJ (C-379/19), JH (C-379/19), IG (C-379/19), FQ (C-811/19), GP (C-811/19), HO (C-811/19), IN (C-811/19), NC (C-840/19) (Reference for a preliminary ruling — Decision 2006/928/EC — Mechanism for cooperation and verification of progress in Romania to address specific benchmarks in the areas of judicial reform and the fight against corruption — Legal nature and effects — Binding on Romania — Rule of law — Judicial independence — Second subparagraph of Article 19(1) TEU — Article 47 of the Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Fight against corruption — Protection of the European Union’s financial interests — Article 325(1) TFEU — ‘PFI’ Convention — Criminal proceedings — Decisions of the Curtea Constituțională (Constitutional Court, Romania) concerning the legality of the taking of certain evidence and the composition of judicial panels in cases of serious corruption — Duty on national courts to give full effect to the decisions of the Curtea Constituțională (Constitutional Court) — Disciplinary liability of judges in case of non-compliance with such decisions — Power to disapply decisions of the Curtea Constituțională (Constitutional Court) that conflict with EU law — Principle of primacy of EU law)
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