Development of an assessment framework on environmental governance in the EU Member States
Final report - Study
This report arises from the Commission’s Environmental Implementation Review process, a biennial assessment of Member State performance on implementation of EU environmental law and policy. It addresses an issue identified in the 2017 review as a root cause of implementation weaknesses; poor environmental governance. The report outlines the development of, and the rationale for, a standard assessment template, the Environmental Governance Assessment (EGA). It provides information from a first application of the EGA to the Member States, and outlines an approach to categorisation of Member... State performance on a subset of the questions addressed in the EGA. It then draws some general lessons and offers recommendations, both for the future development of the EGA process, and on environmental governance itself. The dimensions of environmental governance addressed by the EGA are: transparency; public participation; access to justice; compliance assurance and accountability; and effectiveness and efficiency. Shortcomings were identified in particular in respect of public participation – where Member States place insufficient emphasis on increasing levels of engagement; access to justice – where individuals and to a lesser extent NGOs face obstacles; and on compliance assurance – where public information on enforcement action was often limited. The report also identifies a number of good practices.