Study on IP education in school curricula in the EU Member States with additional international comparisons - Study
WIPO defines IP education as a process that should support pupils and children in becoming IP creators in the future: “their creativity should be developed, and they should be educated to respect the IP rights of others”. The objective of the research “Intellectual Property and Education in Europe” was to analyse how Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) – notably trade marks, designs, patents and copyright – and Intellectual Property (IP) related issues such as ownership, authorship, originality, licensing, confidentiality, trade secrets and branding are being taught in primary and secondary... schools (both general and vocational) in the 28 EU Member States (MS). Additionally, connections between IP education and five specific learning areas considered essential for enhancing creativity, innovation and social values were studied in depth: Entrepreneurship education, Citizenship education, Arts education, Information and Communications Technology (ICT) education, Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths (STEM) education. The results were benchmarked with the analysis of the third countries, which, following the Global Innovation Index 2014, were ranked the most innovative: Switzerland, the U.S., Singapore and Hong Kong, with the aim of contrasting the differences. The study’s main information sources were the official educational curricula, guidelines and recommendations analysed and crosschecked by national researchers and completed by contributions from the Ministries of Education based on questionnaires. From federal countries, a number of landers, states, or language regions were chosen for assessment, based on pre-defined criteria. Both public and private education sectors were analysed during the 2012/2013 academic year, covering age groups from 4 to 18 years old.