Open innovation in industry, including 3D printing
New technologies and innovation concepts are important pathways for growth and competitiveness. Open innovation can strengthen innovation ecosystems. 3D printing has the potential to significantly impact the way production and innovation takes place. It is still hard to predict where and how exactly 3D printing will transform our economy and society. This study, provided by Policy Department A at the request of the ITRE committee, describes the mutual reinforcement of open innovation and additive manufacturing and addresses recommendations for different policy levels.