Case C-38/18: Judgment of the Court (First Chamber) of 29 July 2019 (request for a preliminary ruling from the Tribunale di Bari — Italy) — Criminal proceedings against Massimo Gambino, Shpetim Hyka (Reference for a preliminary ruling — Judicial cooperation in criminal matters — Directive 2012/29/EU — Minimum standards on the rights, support and protection of victims of crime — Articles 16 and 18 — Victim testimony before a criminal court of first instance — Change in the composition of the bench — Requirement for a victim to repeat his oral evidence at the request of one of the parties to the proceedings — Charter of Fundamental Rights of the European Union — Articles 47 and 48 — Right to a fair trial and rights of the defence — Principle of immediacy — Scope — Victim’s right to protection during criminal proceedings)

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