This report presents the analysis of the findings of the Special Eurobarometer survey on the attitudes of Europeans towards Air Quality conducted in the 28 Member States of the European Union in September 2019. Air quality has been a priority of the European Union over the last forty years. Clean air is indeed essential to people’s health and the environment. While the quality of air has deteriorated since the industrial revolution, the situation has improved in the EU since 2000 as emissions of the main air pollutants have decreased by between 10% and 70%, depending on the pollutant. Despite... these improvements, air quality is still a major issue in the European Union. It has some important adverse consequences that damage ecosystems, but also significant health consequences. Air pollution, in fact, is the first cause of early death in the EU, with over 390 000 premature deaths every year. The European Union has been working to tackle the issue of air pollution since the 1970s, with tools and legislation developed to improve air quality in Europe. Between 1999 and 2008, the European Union agreed on a number of air quality standards that should be applied in all Member States. In 2013, the European Commission adopted a Clean Air Programme for Europe which was based on a review of the existing EU air policy. The EU policy effort is set on three main pillars: the review of the air quality standards, national emission reduction targets and finally standards for key sources of pollution (from vehicle emissions to energy and industry). This programme was followed in 2018 by the adoption by the Commission of a Communication entitled “A Europe that protects: Clean air for all” where the key principles of the EU air policy were reiterated and practical support for national, regional and local actors was provided. This Special Eurobarometer survey is the follow-up of a Flash Eurobarometer survey conducted in September 2012 on the same topic. Many of the questions from the Flash Eurobarometer have been repeated in this Special Eurobarometer. However, as the Flash Eurobarometer survey was conducted over the phone and therefore used a different methodology, the differences observed between the two surveys can only be considered indicative. They are noted in this report, but by way of an indicative comparison. Some of the questions in the 2012 Eurobarometer Flash were asked in the Special Eurobarometer on Attitudes of Europeans towards the Environment conducted in October 2017. As the methodology was similar (face-to-face interviews), a detailed comparison with those results can be analysed and is therefore provided in this report.