Integration of the power and heating sector - Study
The heating and cooling sector has been recognised, by the EC, as a priority to achieve the decarbonisation and energy efficiency targets. Heating and cooling in the built environment accounts for almost 40% of the total final energy demand in Europe. Heating as a predominant end use has strong interconnections with many energy sectors and carriers. Thus, this report focuses on the integration of the heat and power sectors and how an effective integration can contribute to the energy efficiency and the climate change mitigation targets. The first part of the study presents the heating sector... in the built environment describing a detailed energy break down, and related costs, emissions and efficiencies. Then, the concept of system integration of heating and power is examined presenting its merits and challenges. The second part of the study focuses on the assessment of two clean transitions pathways of the heating sector, namely electrification of heat and efficient heat and power production and district heating network. Both of them are examined from the power system perspective based on a detailed model of the European power system.