This study aims to update the measurement of public cross-border procurement in Europe. The measurement distinguishes between direct and indirect cross-border procurement. Cross-border procurement is not only estimated in this exercise but also evaluated and explained. The study deals exclusively with procurement above EU thresholds. The public procurement market below EU thresholds might be significantly different from what has been observed above EU thresholds. The exercise is to serve as an input for an evaluation of public procurement policy to be conducted by the European Commission.